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iCS's Newsletter: December/2016

In November, top global leaders and negotiators met in Marrakesh, Morocco, for COP22. In spite of it being a transitional meeting, it ended with significant advances, such as the need to structure the Paris Agreement regulations by 2018. Instituto Clima e Sociedade attended the Conference alongside numerous grantees and funders. In São Paulo, Instituto Escolhas organized, in partnership with Folha and Insper, the Forum on Development and Low Carbon Economy. Check out these and other news about the actions of Clima e Sociedade and its grantees over the last month.

Please send suggestions or comments to luiza@climaesociedade.org.

HIGHLIGHTS

SPECIAL SECTION ON COP22
iCS and other civil society organizations attend COP22 and meet with Brazilian ministers in Marrakesh  |  Alfredo Sirkis holds the first meetings as executive secretary of the Brazilian Forum on Climate Change   |   Coverage of COP22 in the Brazilian media is supported by Instituto Clima e Sociedade  |  In an interview to Envolverde, Branca Americano highlights long-term actions for the decarbonization of the economy |  Ana Toni addressed the US government's long-term goals to reduce emissions by 80% in an interview to RFI news   |  Instituto Clima e Sociedade attended donor meeting

POWER
Incentive to coal-fired power plants is vetoed by President Michel Temer after mobilization of Brazilians 

URBAN MOBILITY
MoveCidade, an app by Idec, enables users to evaluate São Paulo public transportation systems   |  Corrida Amiga holds the first meeting in its headquarters to discuss its prospective actions from the point of view of walking mobility   |  Bike Anjo turns six and holds a national event to teach people how to use bicycles as a means of transportation

CLIMATE POLICY
Forum on Development and Low Carbon Economy discusses the Brazilian transition into a sustainable economy  

WHAT’S HAPPENING IN BRAZIL
Deforestation in the Amazon grows 29% in relation to 2015 and reaches an area 5.3 times larger than the city of São Paulo

SPECIAL SECTION ON COP22
NOVEMBER 7-18, 2016

iCS and other civil society organizations attend COP22 and meet with Brazilian ministers in Marrakesh
Even with the change in Brazil’s presidency in 2016, the official position of the government at the COP remained unchanged, which represented an important display of continuity. The Brazilian government was represented institutionally at COP22 by ministers José Sarney Filho (Environment) and Blairo Maggi (Agriculture, Livestock and Supply), who clearly advocate different positions. Both ministers attended three meetings with civil society, including Instituto Clima e Sociedade. On the agenda were actions and plans to enable Brazil to meet and expand the goals described in its NDC (Nationally Determined Contributions). Also present at the COP were several iCS grantees, such as the Observatório do Clima, Centro Brasil no Clima (CBC), the Brazilian Panel on Climate Change, WRI, Engajamundo, the Brazilian Business Council for Sustainable Development (CEBDS) and Greenpeace, as well as partners such as Empresa de Pesquisa Energética (Energy Research Company - EPE).

Alfredo Sirkis holds the first meetings as executive secretary of the Brazilian Forum on Climate Change
On October 28, shortly before the start of the COP, President Temer appointed Alfredo Sirkis as the new Executive Secretary of the Brazilian Forum on Climate Change. A former federal congressman and director of the Centro Brasil no Clima (CBC), an iCS grantee, Sirkis took advantage of the presence of civil society in Marrakesh to hold the first meetings of the Forum under his management.

Coverage of COP22 in the Brazilian media is supported by Instituto Clima e Sociedade
Instituto Clima e Sociedade played an important role in enabling an extensive coverage of COP22 by two of the largest Brazilian news groups, Estado de S. Paulo and Valor Econômico, by funding the trip of two reporters specializing in the subject: Giovana Girardi (Estadão) and Daniela Chiaretti (Valor). The ten articles published in Estadão can be read here. During COP22, Valor published twelve articles, including this one. The Global Strategic Communications Council (GSCC), headed in Brazil by Délcio Rodrigues, also did an excellent job in unbranded communication about COP22.

In an interview to Envolverde, Branca Americano highlights long-term actions for the decarbonization of the economy
In an interview to the Envolverde website direct from Marrakesh, Branca Americano, the coordinator of the Climate Policy portfolio of Instituto Clima e Sociedade, highlighted the importance of dialogue between government and society to establish long-term measures related to the decarbonization of the economy. Branca believes that "in order to face climate change, we have to combine all available options, such as the generalization of the availability of renewable energies, new solutions for urban mobility, energy efficiency, etc.”. The conversation took place after an event organized on November 8 by WRI, a Clima e Sociedade grantee, in Espaço Brasil, within COP. The meeting “Challenges and Opportunities to Implement and Strengthen the Brazilian NDC” also had presentations by Carlos Rittl (Observatório do Clima), Suzana Kahn Ribeiro (Brazilian Panel on Climate Change) and Viviane Romeiro (WRI).

Ana Toni addressed the US government's long-term goals to reduce emissions by 80% in an interview to RFI news
The standing of the Obama administration during the COP22, after the election of Donald Trump, was the subject of an audio interview Ana Toni gave to RFI while still in Marrakesh. During the conversation, Toni said that the US goal of reducing carbon emissions by 80% by 2050 is not only feasible, but also necessary. According to her, Secretary of State John Kerry's speech shows that the country has long-term concerns about the issue and that Trump may disrupt - but not revise - the American position. RFI is a French news radio that broadcasts worldwide in French and in 14 other languages.

Instituto Clima e Sociedade attended donor meeting
During the conference, Instituto Clima e Sociedade attended the official Donor Meeting of ClimateWorks Foundation, a US funder of iCS, together with other CWF grantees.

POWER

Incentive to coal-fired power plants is vetoed by President Michel Temer after mobilization of Brazilians
President Michel Temer vetoed article 20 of Provisional Measure 735, which provided for incentives of up to US$ 5 billion in subsidies to the generation of energy in coal-fired power plants. Published on November 18 in the Official Gazette, the veto had been announced on November 11, in a letter by the Presidency to the Minister of the Environment, José Sarney Filho. The decision came after the mobilization of 50 thousand Brazilians and the support of over one thousand NGOs from all over the world, such as Greenpeace and Observatório do Clima, both grantees of Instituto Clima e Sociedade.

URBAN MOBILITY

MoveCidade, an app by Idec, enables users to evaluate São Paulo public transportation systems
The Brazilian Consumer Protection Institute (Idec) launched on November 7 the final version of MoveCidade, an app created with the support of Instituto Clima e Sociedade. The platform, which is available on Google Play (for Android), collects evaluations given by São Paulo users to trips made on municipal and intercity buses, subway, trains and bicycle routes. Waiting times, number of passengers, cleanliness and infrastructure of the systems are some of the criteria adopted in the calculation of the final grades. The purpose of the app is to gather data to support claims for improvements in the public transportation system.

Corrida Amiga holds the first meeting in its headquarters to discuss its prospective actions from the point of view of walking mobility
On November 26, Corrida Amiga, a grantee of Instituto Clima e Sociedade, organized Formação Corrida Amiga (FoCA). The initiative addressed the different prospective actions of the NGO from the point of view of walking mobility, using as basis the Active Displacement Guide – Walking and Running around Cities . Among the 21 people attending the meeting, many still rely on cars for most of their displacements in São Paulo, so they were interested in learning and sharing experiences about sustainable urban mobility.

Bike Anjo turns six and holds a national event to teach people how to use bicycles as a means of transportation
On November 27, Bike Anjo, a grantee of Instituto Clima e Sociedade, celebrated six years of activity with a national event. The network, which began its activities in São Paulo, mobilizes and assists people starting to use their bicycles as a means of transportation in the cities. Basically, volunteers teach users of all age groups to pedal safely.

CLIMATE POLICY

Forum on Development and Low Carbon Economy discusses the Brazilian transition into a sustainable economy
Brazil needs to expand investments in innovation and technology in order to become more efficient and productive in the rational use of natural resources, which is a key point in the country’s transition into a sustainable economy. This was one of the key points of the Forum on Development and Low Carbon Economy, organized by Instituto Escolhas, a Clima e Sociedade grantee, in partnership with Insper and Folha de São Paulo, on November 23.

During the event, Ana Toni stressed the importance of including low carbon economy issues as part of the economic restructuring policies that Brazil must undergo to overcome the recession.

The newspaper Folha de São Paulo published a special insert about low carbon economy, bringing the contents of the debates discussed during the event to its thousands of readers.

Speakers Forum on Development and Low Carbon Economy
Ana Toni, director of Instituto Clima e Sociedade
Ricardo Abramovay, full professor - FEA-USP
Bernard Appy, director of the Center for Fiscal Citizenship
José Roberto Mendonça de Barros, founder of MB Associados
Hector Gomez, manager of the International Finance Corporation
Ricardo Sennes, economist - Consultoria Prospectiva
José Augusto Coelho Fernandes, director of the National Industry Confederation - CNI
Marcos Jank, global director of BRF
Sergio Leitão, director of Instituto Escolhas
Luiz Barroso, president of Empresa de Pesquisa Energética
Celina Carpi, chairwoman of the Board of Instituto Ethos
Jorge Arbache, secretary of the Ministry of Planning
Marcos Lisboa, president of Insper
Carlos Nobre, member of the Brazilian Academy of Science
WHAT’S HAPPENING IN BRAZIL

Deforestation in the Amazon grows 29% in relation to 2015 and reaches an area 5.3 times larger than the city of São Paulo
Deforestation in the Amazon increased in 2016 for the second consecutive year, according to the annual estimate of Prodes, the satellite monitoring system of Inpe (National Institute for Space Research). The deforestation was 29% higher than in 2015 - the rate of devastation reached 7,989 square kilometers, or 5.3 times the size of the city of São Paulo. This is the largest increase in the speed of deforestation since 2008, the year in which the government increased surveillance, among other measures, after a devastation peak.


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