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iCS’ Newsletter: August/2017
Inside iCS
Meeting with 2050 Pathways Platform team ignites discussions on the Brazilian participation in the initiative Platform works closely with local and national governments, entrepreneurs and investors to assist in the development of a long-term decarbonization strategy.
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In an interview with iCS, Ana Yang, the president of the organization’s board, discussed scenarios of climate change confrontation and philanthropy in Brazil In her speech, Yang addressed the climate issue in Brazil at a time of political and economic uncertainties, and the importance of iCS’s work in the matter.
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Power
Diálogo Chino produces a series of reports on coal and solar energy in China and Brazil with support from iCS While the Asian country advances internally in reducing coal consumption and increasing electricity production based on renewable sources, its international investment policy follows a different path.
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Meeting between the civil society and EPE discusses the importance of the indigenous populations component in planning the Brazilian energy matrix Organized by GT Infraestrutura, the meeting highlighted the importance of the involvement of indigenous peoples in large energy projects.
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The Electricity Thematic Chamber of FBMC discusses the Expansion Plan of the Power Sector Two meetings were held in July with members of civil society, companies, government and academia, focusing on the Brazilian NDC goals.
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During a seminar at PUC-RS, Roberto Kishinami discusses energy efficiency and the use of coal The event addressed topics such as energy efficiency and the need to remove coal from the energy mix by mid-century, which was the focus of Kishinami’s lecture.
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Using films and lectures, EcoFalante debates the interaction between climate changes and everyday problems Roberto Kishinami addressed the interaction between climate change and everyday problems, including pollution, contamination and loss of biodiversity.
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Urban Mobility
Now a law, the Pedestrian Act provides for actions and good practices for walking mobility in São Paulo Among them, are the improvement of sidewalks and bus stops, with the investment of Fundurb resources to encourage walking mobility.
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Belo Horizonte Bicycle Mobility Plan is approved by Mayor Alexandre Kalil
The plan includes actions dealing with infrastructure and circulation; legislation; financing; education, mobilization and communication; modal integration and a shared bicycle program; as well as governance.
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Como Anda reinforces the importance of walking mobility at the National Transport and Transit Congress and on #walktoworkday
During the two events, initiatives known as Bondes a Pé (Walking Trams) were carried out to reinforce the importance of walking as a form of urban mobility.
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Project #bicicletanosplanos will support civil society organizations with inputs for the implementation or revision of urban mobility plans in Brazilian cities
Among the benefits of participation, it is important to highlight technical and methodological assistance in cycling planning, campaign strategies and financing.
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Climate Change Policy and Economics
Hewlett Foundation meeting in Washington discusses global long-term climate change trends iCS participates in the meeting, in which the long-term global trends that may affect climate change were analyzed from the social and economic standpoints.
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What’s happening in Brazil
Several organizations, including iCS grantees, call for Direct Action of Unconstitutionality against the Irregular Land Occupation Law (“Lei da Grilagem”) The law allows the regularization of occupations that have taken place up to 2011 and, in some cases, requires the payment of less than 10% of the market price of the land.
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In 2016, almost half of the Brazilian energy supply originated from renewable sources – this figure is not expected to be maintained in 2017 43.5% of all energy supplied in the country in 2016 came from renewable sources, a 2.2% increase over the previous year.
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Grants Approved in July
GCCA – Global Climate Change Alliance | R$ 250.000 To connect health, air quality and urban mobility issues through campaigns, events and communication efforts.
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Associação Casa Fluminense | R$ 290.000
To enable Casa Fluminense to fulfill its important role of an urban policy watchdog institution based in Rio de Janeiro.
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Sul21 Mídia Eletrônica S/A | R$ 30.000
To produce six reports and interviews to be published on the site and social networks of the South21 giving visibility…
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ANDI – Comunicação e Direitos | R$ 110.000
To analyze and propose effective communication strategies based on media coverage between 2014 and 2016 in the themes of Energy and Climate Change.
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Inside iCS
Meeting with 2050 Pathways Platform team ignites discussions on the Brazilian participation in the initiative

Emannuel Guerin, Executive Director for Global Policies at the European Climate Foundation and Acting Director of the 2050 Pathways Platform, took advantage of his visit to Brazil in June, when he attended the “International Conference on Long-Term Development Strategies and Climate Change”, organized by iCS, and visited the Institute’s headquarters. Together with the Platform team, Clima e Sociedade discussed alternatives for the Brazilian participation in the initiative, which works together with local and national governments, as well as entrepreneurs and investors, to assist them in the development of a long-term decarbonization strategy.

"First, it was important to get to know the platform. Each country has its own strategy, but there are points in common, from the importance of having an explicit zero carbon commitment, to how to build short-term plans to achieve this goal. This articulation of iCS in an international platform with numerous stakeholders is fundamental for long-term planning”, said Ana Toni.


In an interview with iCS, Ana Yang, the president of the organization’s board, discussed scenarios of climate change confrontation and philanthropy in Brazil
In an interview to iCS website, Ana Yang, the Director of Climate Change of CIFF and President of the Board of iCS, spoke about the climate issue in Brazil at a time of political and economic uncertainties, and discussed the legal framework that exists in European countries and in the United States for family philanthropy. In addition, she also stressed the importance of the work of Clima e Sociedade for Brazil.
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Power
Diálogo Chino produces a series of reports on coal and solar energy in China and Brazil with support from iCS

With support from iCS, Diálogo Chino, a multilingual platform for journalists, produced reports on coal and solar energy drawing a parallel between Brazil and China. While the Asian country advances internally in reducing coal consumption and increasing electricity production based on renewable sources, its international investment policy follows a different path. In Brazil, for example, external financing for coal mining from the China Development Bank (CDB) has grown by 40% since 2013.

On the other hand, when it comes to the development of alternative sources of energy generation, such as solar energy, Brazil’s initiatives remain incipient, due to problems such as private interests, protectionism and lack of incentive to entrepreneurship. The crisis affecting hydroelectric plants, which have been suffering from climate instability, environmental impacts and conflicts with indigenous populations, for example, could signal a new beginning for the photovoltaic industry in the country.

Currently, the solar industry in China is undergoing an exponential growth, not only in the production segment, but also in the installation segment, due to government support and favorable domestic policies. This would be a good example for Brazil to follow.

Meeting between the civil society and EPE discusses the importance of the indigenous populations component in planning the Brazilian energy matrix
The need to consider the component represented by indigenous populations in the planning of the Brazilian energy matrix, mainly in the case of large hydroelectric projects, was the central theme of the meeting between representatives of non-governmental organizations that are part of the Infrastructure Working Group and the technical staff of Empresa de Pesquisas Energéticas (EPE), on July 17, in Rio de Janeiro. During the meeting, EPE presented the methodology used in the country's energy planning, which includes four socio-environmental criteria: accessibility of tariffs, energy security, protected areas and climate change. Sergio Guimarães, one of the founders of ICV (Instituto Centro de Vida, an iCS grantee) and a facilitator of GT Infraestrutura, proposed that EPE invite leaders of indigenous populations to take part in the internal discussions on the theme.
The Electricity Thematic Chamber of FBMC discusses the Expansion Plan of the Power Sector
In July, the Electricity Thematic Chamber of Fórum Brasileiro de Mudanças Climáticas (FBMC) met twice. Both meetings discussed the Electricity Sector Expansion Plan (PDE), which lasts until 2026. During the first meeting, Empresa de Pesquisas Energéticas (EPE) addressed the relationship between the NDC commitments assumed by Brazil and the PDE. In the second meeting, representatives of civil society, business, government and academia discussed potential improvements to the PDE components over the next year, mainly to ensure that the NDC goals are met.
During a seminar at PUC-RS, Roberto Kishinami discusses energy efficiency and the use of coal
In July, Roberto Kishinami, the coordinator of the Power Portfolio of iCS, participated in an energy matrix seminar held at PUC, in Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul. Open to university students, the event addressed topics such as energy efficiency and the need to remove coal from the energy matrix by the middle of the century, which was the focus of Kishinami’s lecture.
Using films and lectures, EcoFalante debates the interaction between climate changes and everyday problems
The 6th EcoFalante Festival of Environmental Cinema, held in São Paulo, included a series of discussions and lectures on sustainability. In one of them, Roberto Kishinami was invited to talk, alongside Paulo Saldiva, the director of the Institute for Advanced Studies at USP, about the interaction between climate change and everyday problems, including pollution, contamination and loss of biodiversity.
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Urban Mobility
Now a law, the Pedestrian Act provides for actions and good practices for walking mobility in São Paulo
On June 13, the mayor of São Paulo, João Dória, sanctioned Law 16,763, also known as Pedestrian Act. A number of new rules have come into effect, such as the ones requiring the improvement of sidewalks and bus stops and the allocation of resources from the Fundurb (Municipal Urban Development Fund) to encourage walking mobility. The actions include the installation of intelligent traffic lights for pedestrians in busy crossings, with information on crossing time and sound alerts, the creation of a database with statistics to guide policies and specific actions, as well as a R$ 500 daily fine applicable to concessionaires of services that fail to meet the defined standards for poles, equipment or urban furniture, which are generally installed in sidewalks, squares and public walks.

Belo Horizonte Bicycle Mobility Plan is approved by Mayor Alexandre Kalil

The Belo Horizonte Bicycle Mobility Plan de Belo Horizonte (PlanBici), (PlanBici), which has been developed by the BH em Ciclo collective (the urban cyclists association of the city) in partnership with the Transport and Transit Authority (BHTrans) and Municipal Planning Bureau, was approved by Mayor Alexander Kalil. Divided into six stages, with execution deadlines until 2020 (when Kalil's current term of office expires), the plan includes actions on infrastructure and circulation; legislation; financing; education, mobilization and communication; modal integration and a shared bicycle program; as well as governance (production of data and transparency). Now, the proposal will be submitted to the Planning and Finance Office.

Como Anda reinforces the importance of walking mobility at the National Transport and Transit Congress and on #walktoworkday

Como Anda, a project designed by iCS grantees Corrida Amiga and Cidade Ativa, took part in the National Transport and Transit Congress of ANTP from June 28 to June 30. With support from Clima e Sociedade, it launched a call to invite four walking mobility entities to participate in a panel on the theme. The selected entities were: INCITI (Recife), Caminha Rio (Rio de Janeiro), MOB (Movimento e Ocupe seu Bairro, from Brasília) and Pezito (Porto Alegre).

Besides, during the event, it promoted what was called walking trams to the venue or to public transport hubs, covering three pre-defined routes. The goal, according to Andrew Oliveira, of Como Anda, was to show the benefits of this type of mobility, both health wise and for the reduction of carbon emissions. The initiative was repeated on July 7, the #walktoworkday, which is an annual movement led by Corrida Amiga to reinforce the importance of pedestrians as an alternative in urban planning.

Project #bicicletanosplanos will support civil society organizations with inputs for the implementation or revision of urban mobility plans in Brazilian cities
The Union of Cyclists of Brazil (UCB) and Bike Anjo, supported by iCS, organized an announcement of financial support to the implementation or revision of mobility plans in Brazilian cities, known as #bicicletanosplanos, focusing on the use of bicycles. Some of the benefits of participating in the project are the access to technical and methodological input on bicycle mobility planning and campaign strategies, promotional materials, global financing in the amount of R$ 60,000 (between R$ 500 and R$ 3,000 per project ), mini workshops and mentoring by videoconference, access and assistance in the application of the Quality Indicators of Bicycle Inclusion in the Mobility Plan, among others.
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Climate Change Policy and Economics
Hewlett Foundation meeting in Washington discusses global long-term climate change trends
On July 18 and 19, Ana Toni was in Washington for a work review meeting of the Hewlett Foundation, organized by Jonathan Pershing, Director of Environmental Programs. During the meeting, those in attendance analyzed long-term global trends that can affect climate change from a social and economic point of view – either directly or indirectly related to climate change.
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What’s happening in Brazil
Several organizations, including iCS grantees, call for Direct Action of Unconstitutionality against the Irregular Land Occupation Law (“Lei da Grilagem”)
On July 28, a group of 64 organizations and networks of civil society called upon the Attorney General, Rodrigo Janot, to file a Direct Action of Unconstitutionality against the law that became known as the Irregular Land Occupation Law, or Lei da Grilagem, which was sanctioned by President Michel Temer on July 11. Among those who signed the letter addressed to the General Attorney are iCS grantees such as Observatório do Clima, Greenpeace, Instituto Centro de Vida, WRI-Brasil, and others. The text of the law allows for the regularization of occupations that have taken place up to 2011 and, in certain cases, sets the price for such regularization below 10% of the market price of the land – which represents not only the regularization of irregular land occupation but also the rewarding of such practice.
In 2016, almost half of the Brazilian energy supply originated from renewable sources – this figure is not expected to be maintained in 2017
43.5% of all energy made available in the country in 2016 came from renewable sources, which represented a 2.2% increase over the previous year. The same survey showed a 10% growth in the market share of wind and biomass energy. Inthe ranking of renewable sources, ethanol appears first, with 17.5%, followed by hydroelectric plants, with 12.6%. But the energy source that still leads the general ranking by far is oil and its byproducts, which account for more than two thirds of the energy offered. The increase in renewable sources, however, may not become a trend in 2017 - last year, a good rainfall level allowed fossil thermal plants to remain almost unused, whereas the recession has reduced the demand for energy by 3.8%.
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Grants Approved in July
GCCA – Global Climate Change Alliance Grant Amount R$ 250.000 Grant Period 9 months Portfólio Urban Mobility Purpose of Grant: To connect health, air quality and urban mobility issues through campaigns, events and communication efforts. These activities will promote awareness and behavior change, as well as support advocacy efforts towards low carbon urban mobility policies, bringing the health sector into the debate.
Associação Casa Fluminense Grant Amount R$290.000 Grant Period 12 meses Portfólio Urban Mobility Purpose of Grant: To enable Casa Fluminense to fulfill its important role of an urban policy watchdog institution based in Rio de Janeiro, that aims at the approval and monitoring of Urban Mobility Plans that promote high quality low carbon urban mobility policies in the Metropolitan region of Rio de Janeiro.
Sul21
Mídia Eletrônica S/A
Grant Amount R$ 30.000 Grant Period 12 months Portfólio Outreach
Purpose of Grant: To produce six reports and interviews to be published on the site and social networks of the Sul21 giving visibility to the socio-environmental impact of mineral exploration in Rio Grande do Sul.
ANDI – Comunicação e Direitos Grant Amount R$ 110.000 Grant Period 4 months Portfólio Outreach Purpose of Grant: To analyze and propose effective communication strategies based on media coverage between 2014 and 2016 in the themes of Energy and Climate Change, through two events with participation of experts, representatives of civil society and journalists who will cover COP23.
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