View as webpage

iCS' NEWSLETTER
December 2018
The Brazilian Legislative Observatory

Last minister announced of the new government: for the environment

Who are the women who control the local government of Brazil?

Debate on emissions from maritime transport

New business to boost the regenerative economy in Brazil

Amazon Special: innovation and financing for sustainable impact businesses

Here comes the Zero Carbon Seminar!

SEEG launches a new report on emissions in 2017

Solutions for the generation of clean energy in Roraima

Kigali Project Updates

New version of MobiliDADOS calculates Brazilian urban mobility

Voluntary commitment against air pollution

Air pollution is not monitored correctly in most of Brazil

Action plans for racial equality

BRAZILIAN SPACE AT COP 24!

REPORTS

GRANTS APPROVED IN NOVEMBER


EVENTS IN BRAZIL
The Brazilian Legislative Observatory: Follow the elected members of parliament

The 2018 elections have ended, but the work of those who were selected to represent their states at the National Congress is just about to begin - or to continue in the case of those who were re-elected. This justifies the importance of the Brazilian Legislative Observatory (OLB), which is a platform that results from a partnership between the Center of Studies on Congress (NECON) and the Laboratory of Studies of the Media and the Public Sphere (LEMEP), both of IESP-UERJ. The OLB has the objective to produce information and qualified analyses on the conduct of the members of parliament of the legislature. By means of the OLB, it is hoped not only to support the electoral selections of public, but also the political incidence of organizations from the civil society and social movements.

The main product of the OLB is a ranking that measures, based on observable criteria, the degree to which members agree or disagree with proposed amendments to the legislative status quo on the following topics of interest to civil society: Climate Change, Science and Technology, Healthy Eating and Children's Rights. It is based exclusively on the activities that take place within the Chamber and the Senate, indicating the political position of the members of parliament.

Destrinchando o relatório do IPCC

In addition to expanding the base of the analyzed bills, in order to make the rankings even more complete, the OLB now also intends to analyze the performance of the senators. After the first year of the new mandates, there will be a consultation base for the bills approved by the new composition of the Congress for the creation of a new ranking, with the new composition of the National Congress. 2019, here we come!

BACK TO TOP

NEWS FROM NATIONAL CONGRESS
Last minister announced of the new government: for the environment

Último ministro do novo governo anunciado: o do meio ambiente

Credit:
Pedro Calado/SMA/Divulgação

President-elect Jair Bolsonaro announced the last name that was needed to complete his team of ministers – the person to be in charge of the environmental portfolio. The lawyer Ricardo Salles was secretary of the environment for the state of São Paulo between 2016 and 2017, when he became the defendant in more than one public civil action filed by the Prosecution Office. He is accused of illegally altering the management plan for an area of environmental protection. Salles was the legal director of the Brazilian Rural Society and is a founder of the Endireita Brasil movement, which is "a political and ideological organization created in 2011 in order to 'correct' what it and its associates call the 'demonization of the right'", according to ClimaInfo.

The Climate Observatory went further: "By appointing Ricardo Salles, Bolsonaro has done exactly what he promised to do in his campaign and has planned since the beginning: to subordinate the Ministry of Environment to the Ministry of Agriculture. If, on the one hand, it circumvents the reduction of power that could have been the case with the formal termination of the portfolio, on the other hand it guarantees that the Ministry of the Environment will no longer be an independent structure on the Esplanade [where the ministry offices are located], for the first time since its creation in 1992. Its minister will be an aide-de-camp to the Ministry of Agriculture."

The journalist André Trigueiro also spoke about the issue on Radio CBN, and the newspaper Folha de S. Paulo interviewed the new minister. Take a look!

 

BACK TO TOP

CLIMATE POLICY AND OUTREACH
Who are the women who control the local government of Brazil?

The Alziras Institute, an organization that aims to develop tools to contribute to the increase of female participation in politics, spoke with 45% of the 649 women elected mayors in 2016. The survey demonstrated that they accumulate political experience in their trajectory, have more years of education than the male mayors and overcome enormous challenges on a daily basis in small municipalities and without resources.  

By observing the spectrum of the Brazilian population, it is clear that there is no equal weighting. Black women, for example, correspond to 27% of the population, but only govern 3% of the municipalities.

[Female Mayors are few and govern the smaller and poorer municipalities
Women are 51% of the population, but govern only 12% of the local government s in Brazil:
Black women are 27% of the population, but govern only 3% of the local government in Brazil]

The cities governed by women correspond to 7% of the national population and 11.7% of the local government in Brazil - 91% of the female mayors in office were elected in municipalities with up to 50,000 inhabitants. On the other hand, 88% already had political experience in areas such as municipal councils of public policies (41%); a religious entity and pastoral or solidarity groups (41%); a social assistance entity (33%); and social movements (29%).

[The trajectory of the female mayors
Political leadership, experience in public administration and more years of education than the male mayors.
50% of the male mayors have higher education
71% of the female mayors have higher education
42% of the female mayors have a degree ]

[70% of the female mayors have already occupied non-elective public positions or of trust, mainly in the areas of: social assistance, education, health.
60% of the female mayors had already been elected for other positions
32% were mayors
30% were councilors
13% were deputy-mayors
2% were deputies]

[Women who inspire
Names most quoted by the female mayors ]

The study was used as an input for the planning of the mission to Germany with some selected female mayors in order to strengthen women leaders and to bring closer together Brazilian and German female managers of municipal public policies in line with the commitments made in the Paris Agreement. The iCS, the partners of the Alziras Institute in the research, was represented by its portfolio coordinator of Climate Policy and Engagement, Alice Amorim.

Repercussion in the press

BACK TO TOP

Debate on emissions from maritime transport

In November 2018, the Sustainable Future Dialogues platform held its sixth event: the International Meeting on Climate Change and Maritime Transport. The debate involved the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions from the sector with international perspectives and a panel about the visions of Brazil in the discussion on climate and maritime transport.

Debate sobre emissões do transporte marítimo

Credit: Juliana Chalita

The researchers André Lucena, from COPPE/UFRJ, and Andrea Lucchesi, from EACH/USP, spoke about the impacts of international measures to reduce emissions for the main Brazilian commodities, as well as contributions to the sustainability and competitiveness of the foreign trade of the country with recent data on the subject. Watch the complete video of the event and read in more detail about the meeting here.

Debate sobre emissões do transporte marítimo

BACK TO TOP

LOW CARBON ECONOMY
New business to boost the regenerative economy in Brazil

Fifty leaders and representatives from the spheres of government, business and civil society participated for six months in the Innovation Lab of Climate Ventures in order to understand the reality and the challenges of a low carbon ecosystem in Brazil, exploring positive solutions for the climate in agriculture and forests and the better use of land and renewable energy.  

The results of this process were presented on November 22, 2018, in São Paulo, during the 1st Climate Ventures Summit. This brought together about 200 strategic players (including entrepreneurs, researchers, business owners, investors, startups and representatives from social projects and movements) in debates on ways and methods of doing business to boost a regenerative economy in Brazil. During the Summit, co-held by the Institute for Climate Ventures and the Institute for Climate and Society alongside partners and supporters, the ten winning startups received their prizes for the 1st Call of Good Business for the Climate in Brazil.

Lideranças religiosas comprometidas com a causa climática e outras articulações

Promo: Climate Ventures

BACK TO TOP

Amazon Special: innovation and financing for sustainable impact businesses

O primeiro Fórum de Investimentos de Impacto e Negócios Sustentáveis da Amazônia (FIINSA), realizado em Manaus entre os dias 13 e 14 de novembro, recebeu mais de 250 representantes de startups, pesquisadores, ONGs, empresas, institutos e fundações para debater os principais desafios de desenvolver negócios de impacto sustentáveis na região. Entre os temas abordados no encontro, o papel das aceleradoras e incubadoras, a relação dos negócios que geram impactos sociais e/ou ambientais com comunidades tradicionais e rurais, e modelos de financiamento e inovação.

Taxa de desmatamento na Amazônia cresce 36% entre junho e setembro

Especial Amazônia: inovação e financiamento para negócios de impacto sustentável

Disclosure: Idesam

BACK TO TOP

Here comes the Zero Carbon Seminar!

Pre-registration is available for the first Zero Carbon Seminar: The Path. This is an event scheduled for March 19, 2019, which intends to outline a plan for Brazil to become the first large industrialized country to zero its carbon emissions - which, in itself, transforms the country into a global power and example of how to confront climate change. The Climate Observatory and GR Infraestrutura will hold preparatory workshops and the Seminar to prepare a guide with the challenges facing the organization of this plan. In order to achieve this, different economic sectors and areas of expertise will combine in order to identify the difficulties, the major areas of discussion and to fill in the gaps.

[The challenge
Brazil is in the privileged position to be the first zero carbon industrialized country in 2050
We only need to outline our path to get there]

BACK TO TOP

SEEG launches a new report on emissions in 2017

Last month, Brazil discovered its carbon emissions in detail. The Climate Observatory published the sixth edition of the System of Estimates for Greenhouse Gas Emissions (SEEG), and the numbers are not optimistic. Although the emissions decreased 2.3% in 2017 in comparison to the previous year due to the reduction of the deforestation in the Amazon, almost all of the sectors of the economy increased. The most important increase was in the sector of industrial processes (a 4% increase). In a report by TV Globo , André Trigueiro demonstrates that oil and gas exploration, which is most important sector of the economy for the state of Rio de Janeiro, is also the most polluting, accounting for 23.1% of all the carbon emissions in the region.

SEEG lança novo relatório de emissões em 2017

The changes of land use , deforestation in evidence, remain the main cause of greenhouse gas emissions in the country, with a 46% representation, followed by the sector of agriculture, with a 24% share in 2017. Brazil is currently in the hard to digest seventh place in the global ranking of emissions, with China in the lead and the United States in second place. Read the complete report .

 

SEEG lança novo relatório de emissões em 2017

SEEG lança novo relatório de emissões em 2017

SEEG lança novo relatório de emissões em 2017

[Greenhouse gas emissions by state in Brazil
Amounts in millions of tonnes
Source: Climate Observatory]

BACK TO TOP

ENERGY
Solutions for the generation of clean energy in Roraima

The possibility of the generation of renewable energy to supply the demand for the state was discussed at a meeting in Roraima with business owners, indigenous people and the government. The discussions, involving lectures on wind power, photovoltaics and the storage of batteries, also included trade and agribusiness representatives. Organized by the Institute for Climate and Society (iCS) in partnership with the Socio-Environmental Institute (ISA) and the Mott Foundation, the meeting was important because Roraima is the last state that still remains disconnected from the National Integrated System and frequently suffers from blackouts. Furthermore, taking advantage of renewable energy sources can also be important in strengthening the initiatives of sustainable development, boosting the economy and creating new business opportunities. Learn more!

#EngajaNasEleições e Clima e Desenvolvimento na reta final do período eleitoral

Disclosure: ISA

BACK TO TOP

Kigali Project Updates

The Kigali Project arrives in December full of news! On November 26, 2018, the iCS presented the preliminary results of the regulatory impact study on the increase of the energy efficiency in air conditioners at the meeting of the Management Committee of Energy Efficiency Indicators (CGIEE), coordinated by the Ministry of Mines and Energy (MME). This was responsible for establishing the minimum levels of energy performance of equipment. Also in November 2018, a study on the compressor market in Brazil, in partnership with CLASP, was released and sought to assess the main barriers to the dissemination of high-efficiency compressors in the country, which is one of the components that weighs the most in the energy performance of air conditioners.

The document identified that the industrial policy established for the sector has direct and negative impacts on the policy of efficiency, because it discourages a market of efficient compressors. The results were presented on December 5, 2018, during the 5th Meeting of the Advisory Committee of the Kigali Project, composed of representatives from the MME, Eletrobras/PROCEL, the Energy Research Company (EPE), INMETRO and CEPEL.

Updates do Projeto Kigali

Alongside partners such as IDEC, the Kigali Project was able to list the Kigali Amendment at the meeting of the Commission of Foreign Affairs and National Defense of the Chamber of Deputies, on November 28, 2018. As a result, the approval was obtained of the opinion in favor of the ratification of the Amendment by Brazil.

From this month, it is possible to access the main data about the market of air conditioning and energy efficiency that has been collected and systematized by the project, on its website. This information shows the rapid growth of sales in Brazil of the more efficient, inverter type equipment. On the other hand, however, it also demonstrates the expansion of the use of HFC R-410 as a refrigerant, which is a gas with a very high global warming potential.


BACK TO TOP

 


TRANSPORT
New version of MobiliDADOS calculates Brazilian urban mobility

The new MobiliDADOS platform, developed by ITDP Brasil, is available! With the functionality and commitment to promote the use of reliable information in the processes of development, participation, monitoring and evaluation of policies of mobility and urban development, the platform offers indicators that are calculated for 26 Brazilian capitals, the Federal District and 9 metropolitan regions, as well as the raw data used and the description of the methodologies employed in each indicator. The Institute of Energy and the Environment (IEMA) contributed to MobiliDADOS with information on carbon emissions and particulate matter. Explore the platform!

Novo fact sheet sobre precificação de carbono foca no setor privado

BACK TO TOP

Voluntary commitment against air pollution

The end of October and the start of November were disappointing for the monitoring of air quality. CONAMA (the National Council of the Environment) established one of the stages of the Program for the Control of Air Pollution by Motor Vehicles (Proconve), which approved the longest time period among the proposals (2023) for the adoption of a more modern and efficient standard for the control of polluting emissions for trucks and buses. However, this was not all: the text of resolution 03/90 was also approved and ceases to update and regulate the dephased national air quality standards.

Compromisso voluntário contra a poluição do ar

Credit: EBC

The situation regresses even further because, at the same time, in Geneva, Switzerland, the first global conference of the WHO (World Health Organization) was held that was dedicated entirely to the lethal effects of pollution on human health. In Geneva, 18 Brazilian organizations, including the Alana Institute, Greenpeace Brasil, Ciclocidade, the Institute for Health and Sustainability, the Sustainable Cities Program, Rede Bike Anjo and Rede Nosso São Paulo launched a voluntary commitment against pollution with nine points, in order to encourage the Brazilian government to adopt the current guidelines of air quality recommended by the WHO. Read here!

BACK TO TOP

Air pollution is not monitored correctly in most of Brazil

Every year, 4.1 million deaths worldwide are caused by microscopic particles of pollution suspended in the air. In Brazil, we are also exposed to them and, furthermore, there is a serious flaw in relation to the monitoring of the pollutants - the analysis of the air pollution is not calculated correctly in most of the country. That was demonstrated by the Air Quality Platform, an initiative by the Institute of Energy and the Environment (IEMA). Among the 27 states of Brazil, only four (Minas Gerais, São Paulo, Espírito Santo and Rio de Janeiro) perform the monitoring of the pollutants known as PM2.5 – a material that has the size of 2.5 millionths of a meter -, and only nine perform any kind of monitoring of air quality. Learn about the platform!

 

Prêmio MapBiomas incentiva a geração de conhecimento no Brasil

BACK TO TOP

INSIDE THE ICS
Action plans for racial equality

Last month, some states and cities in Brazil celebrated Black Consciousness Day. This is an official date that was established by Law 12519, on November 10, 2011. Many organizations and campaigns have been launched to promote the awareness of the racial inequalities that still persist in society. We use the opportunity of the date in order to remember that, during 2018, the Institute for Climate and Society (iCS) adopted some internal practices of strategic mechanisms for racial inclusion as part of the priority agenda of the organization. In August, we had a consultation with the team from the Center of Studies of Labor Relations and Inequalities (CEERT), which was coordinated by the psychologist Maria Aparecida Bento PhD. We spent a full day of dialogue and reflection on the structural axes of race and gender, from the perspective of our professional performance.

One of the consequences of this first step was a partnership initiative with the Brazilian Association of Black Researchers (ABPN). This is a civil, philanthropic, cultural and scientific organization aimed at strengthening the network of black academics with different objectives to promote racial equality. The meeting outlined the possibilities of future partnerships between the iCS and the association.

Another step was the project of institutional training performed with some of our grantees from Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo through a gender and race equality workshop. On October 31, and November 8, 2018, the iCS Diversity Work Group organized two meetings. In Rio, there was the participation of the Casa Fluminense, ITDP Brasil, the Alziras Institute, ISER and Bike Anjo, as well as the Kigali Project and the GIP. Vivian Garelli, a member of Bike Anjo, wrote about the meeting here .

In Sao Paulo, there was the participation of the Activism School, the Instituto Escolhas, the Update Institute, IEI Brasil, Conectas Human Rights, Nossa BH, Engajamundo and other representatives from ITDP Brasil and Bike Anjo. In addition to examples and shared experiences, the dynamic end of the meeting divided into groups was significantly proactive. It indicated possibilities of how the organizations could perform in the fight against racial imbalance.

Here are some comments from the participants at the meeting in São Paulo:

BACK TO TOP

BRAZILIAN SPACE AT COP 24!

The 24th edition of the Conference of the Parties on Climate Change (COP 24) began on December 2, 2018, in Katowice, Poland. Follow here the program of the Climate Observatory, the Brazil Forestry and Agriculture Coalition, the CEBDS, the Brazilian Forum on Climate Change (FBMC), WRI Brazil, the Ministry of Environment and much more!

Pela primeira vez, a Walk 21 é sediada na América do Sul

COP 24 started after the news that Brazil decided to withdraw the bid to host COP 25, in 2019. It is expected that countries will begin to demonstrate a plan of results for the reduction of emissions for 2020, when a new stage of the Paris Agreement should be entered into, with new targets. Brazil, represented by the Brazilian Forum on Climate Change (FBMC), took to the discussion table a publication, supported by the iCS, of initial recommendations for the implementation of its NDC (Nationally Determined Contribution).

 

BACK TO TOP

Reports
BACK TO TOP

GRANTS APPROVED IN NOVEMBER
Greenpeace Grant Amount
R$161.000,00
Duration
9 months
Portfolio
Transporte

Greenpeace Brasil

Purpose of Grant: To support Greenpeace in monitoring and pushing for the implementation of the bus decarbonization commitments made by the city of São Paulo. Additionally, Greenpeace will also analyze different structures dedicated to monitoring the development and implementation of urban mobility policies at a federal level.

GCCA Grant Amount
R$166.000,00
Duration
12 months
Portfolio
Transporte

GCCA - Global Call For Climate Action

Purpose of Grant: To develop a communication and engagement campaign on the need of cities, in particular São Paulo, to reduce outdoor air pollution by regulating the rules of circulations and use of fossil fuels of cars, buses and trucks in cities.

IDESAM Grant Amount
R$ 340.000,00
Duration
12 months
Portfolio
Economia de Baixo Carbono

IDESAM - Instituto de Conservação e Desenvolvimento Sustentável da Amazônia

Purpose of Grant: Establish new models for low carbon impact investment and sustainable business development in the Brazilian Amazon and engage consumers towards the legitimacy building process for improved protagonism of Brazilian airlines on the CORSIA adoption.   

SITAWI Grant Amount
R$ 340.000,00
Duration
18 months
Portfolio
Economia de Baixo Carbono

SITAWI - Finanças do bem

Purpose of Grant: To convene financial institutions, professional investors, regulators and sector associations. Towards the creation of a coalition for the decarbonization of investment portfolios in Brazil.

BACK TO TOP

This newsletter is one of many products of the Institute for Climate and Society, which is sent monthly to update you about the universe of climate change.If you would like to contribute to our content please check out our application. We would also appreciate your feedback and suggestions. Please write to  andreia@climaesociedade.org