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iCS’ Newsletter: February/2018
Inside iCS
iCS Interviews Lucia Nader iCS spoke with Lucia Nader, a scholar in residence at New York University, a human rights expert and an iCS board member, on social organizations, philanthropy, and climate
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iCS portfolios expand into new areas of activity New themes such as low carbon economics, fuels, cargo transportation and energy as a whole gain space
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Low Carbon Economy
iCS has a new portfolio dedicated to low carbon economics, which is headed by Gustavo Pinheiro The new portfolio is expected to support the actions of decision-makers on the road to a low-carbon economy, in addition to expanding the array of projects in the area.
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Energy
IEI launches book about distributed generation and energy efficiency Publication was based on research funded by iCS to generate reflections on the power sector of today and tomorrow
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Brazil still heads the ranking of renewable sources among the BRICS countries 80.4% of the national electricity generation matrix originates from renewable sources. The figure for the other countries that make up the block is 25.3%.
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Peruíbe community wins battle and gets the House of Representatives to enact legal amendment prohibiting the construction of thermoelectric plant Plant had been designed to be one of the 50 largest thermoelectric plants in the world, to be built in a region that is one of the last remaining continuous reserves of Atlantic Forest
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Climate Policy and Outreach
The goal of the renewed Climate Policy and Outreach Portfolio is to promote climate ambition, support the implementation of the NDC and engage stakeholders Alice Amorim becomes senior advisor to the portfolio
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With partners, iCS defines rules of involvement in the 2018 elections
Ultimate goal is to fund activities and promote articulations that include climate matters in the electoral debate
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Transport
Law that defines a new schedule for the reduction of pollutants generated by São Paulo buses is approved According to the regulation, bus companies have between 10 and 20 years to eliminate emissions, depending on the type of pollutant
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Civil society joins efforts to request improvements in the ongoing bidding procedure for the São Paulo bus system
The actions included technical contributions and encouragement of popular participation in the public consultation on the public bidding rules relating to the bus system
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Opinion poll on mobility and fuels commissioned by iCS is featured in mass media
O Globo, Exame, GloboNews and Sem Censura, for example, discussed the results of the survey
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With support from iCS, ITDP Brasil launches Plataforma MobiliDADOS
With data from 26 Brazilian capital cities, the objective is to collaborate towards the construction of cities that are more in line with the principles of Sustainable Transportation Oriented Development
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IEMA launches the 2nd National Inventory of Atmospheric Emissions Generated by Automotive Road Vehicles
Document presents historical data on emissions of greenhouse gases and atmospheric pollutants between 1980 and 2012.
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Minas Gerais government approves law that provides for the implementation of bike paths in urban perimeters crossed by state highways
Decision takes place days after the death of a professional cyclist run over by a car at MGC-262, in Sabará, in the Greater Belo Horizonte area.
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Inside iCS
iCS interviews Lucia Nader

iCS spoke with Lucia Nader, a scholar in residence at New York University and a member of the board of Clima e Sociedade. During the conversation, Lucia spoke about her work as a human rights researcher and activist, about the need for social organizations to adapt to a changing world and the intense relationship between climate and fundamental rights. The importance of philanthropy, as well as the role of iCS in Brazil, were also discussed during the conversation. Read the full interview here.

iCS' portfolios expand into new areas of activity

The last meeting of the iCS Board brought new ideas to be incorporated into the model of activity adopted by Clima e Sociedade. The most visible changes were made in the portfolios. Urban Mobility is now called Transport, and extends its strategy to also include biofuels and cargo transportation. The portfolio that previously focused on electricity, now also covers other models of power generation and is called Energy. Finally, the Climate Policy and Economics Portfolio evolved into two separate portfolios: one dedicated to Climate Policy and Outreach and the other on Low Carbon Economy.

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Low Carbon Economy
Low carbon economy gets its own portfolio in iCS, headed by Gustavo Pinheiro

In Brazil, the sectors of the economy that are supported by public policies and considered to be the most dynamic industries are also the most intensive generators of greenhouse gas emissions, namely: agribusiness, transportation, metallurgy and mining. iCS considers it essential to change this framework by boosting low-GHG sectors of the economy that can promote development and generate jobs. In that regard, the new iCS portfolio, Low Carbon Economy, has three main goals. 

The first is to generate evidence to support decision-making towards a low-carbon economy. This is done by enabling the incorporation of carbon metrics into the investment decision-making process and into national accounts, including the goal of improving tax and development policies. The second objective is to redirect investments and subsidies, leading to a divestment in fossil fuels and the investment and training of professionals to work in low-carbon sectors. The last goal is to expand the availability of good projects in the low carbon economy by bringing together entrepreneurs and innovators in the construction of this new economy. This goal can be achieved through co-creation, prototyping, incubation and acceleration of new businesses, and through the acceleration of the transition of business models with the incorporation of technologies, processes and principles of bioeconomy, as well as circular and regenerative economy. With this, iCS contributes to Brazil's socially just economic development, in a manner that is compatible with its NDC and with the goal of limiting global warming by up to 1.5oC.

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Energy
IEI launches book about distributed generation and energy efficiency

The International Energy Initiative (IEI Brasil) launched, on January 31, the book “Geração distribuída e eficiência energética: reflexões para o setor elétrico de hoje e do futuro” (Distributed generation and energy efficiency: reflections on the power sector of today and tomorrow), which was developed by seven researchers of that institution, with funding provided by iCS. The objective of the book is to show the need to change the current rules that are used in the definition of energy tariffs, in such a way as to enable consumers to benefit from the real and important impacts of energy efficiency and power generation at home or at workplaces, based on renewable sources.Download the book here, for free.

Brazil still heads the ranking of renewable sources among the BRICS countries

Brazil still heads the ranking of renewable sources among the developing countries that form the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) block. According to the annual report “Energy in the BRICS Block”, the electricity generation matrix in Brazil, in 2016, included 80.4% of renewable sources, which is mostly due to hydroelectric plants, against 25.3% reported by the block as a whole. South Africa, China and India reported over 71% of consumption of fossil fuels, while the rate of fossil fuel consumption in Brazil is much lower, at 15%.

Peruíbe community wins battle and gets the House of Representatives to enact legal amendment prohibiting the construction of thermoelectric plant

January 31 was a day of celebration for the people of Peruíbe, on the coast of São Paulo. The city’s representatives approved, in the House of Representatives, an amendment to the municipal charter that banned the projected construction of a thermoelectric plant that had been designed to be one of the 50 largest thermoelectric plants in the world. This plant would have been built specifically in a region that is one of the last existing continuous Atlantic Forest reserves in the world. 350.ORG, an iCS grantee, played a fundamental role in mobilizing the population.

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Climate Policy and Outreach
The goal of the renewed Climate Policy and Outreach Portfolio is to promote climate ambition, the implementation of the NDC and the engagement of stakeholders

The goal of iCS’s Climate Policy and Outreach Portfolio is to pursue two lines of action: one targeting the implementation of the Paris Agreement in Brazil and the other seeking to engage a variety of stakeholders in discussions dealing with climate matters, including human rights advocates, youth, religious leaders and many other groups.

The portfolio can now rely on the expertise of senior advisor Alice Amorim. Alice holds a bachelor’s degree in law from the State University of Rio de Janeiro – UERJ and a Master’s Degree (MSc) in Political Economy of Late Development from the London School of Economics and Political Sciences. Alice used to work as a coordinator of the Climate Change and Development Program of GiP – Gestão de Interesse Público.

With partners, iCS defines guidelines of its involvement in the 2018 elections

In January, iCS promoted a series of meetings with partners to define iCS’ own activities and the activities to be funded by them concerning the 2018 elections. All activities in question have the ultimate goal of including climate matters in the electoral debates.

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Transport
Law that defines a new schedule for the reduction of pollutants generated by São Paulo buses is approved

Law 16,802, of January 17, 2018, which defines a new schedule for the reduction of pollutants generated by the São Paulo buses, was approved by mayor João Dória. This law is an amendment to Law 14,933, of 2009, which provided for a ban on all buses running on fossil fuels by 2018. As the goal of the previous law was not accomplished, the new law defines 10- to 20-year deadlines for the elimination of emissions, according to the type of pollutant (see table below). These goals will be included in the final bidding rules for the municipal bus system. As he had already announced, Dória vetoed the articles that would reinstate mandatory vehicular inspection in the city of São Paulo.

Reduction in Emissions CO2 Particulates Nitrogen Oxides
10 years 50% 90% 80%
20 years 100% 95% 95%
Civil society joins efforts to request improvements in the ongoing bidding procedure for the São Paulo bus system

Civil Society organizations – including several iCS grantees, such as Ciclocidade, Cidade dos Sonhos, Greenpeace, Idec and ITDP Brasil - are mobilizing around the public consultation relating to the bidding procedure for the São Paulo bus system, by providing technical contributions or by encouraging popular participation in the process.

Several organizations signed a letter sent to the São Paulo Mobility and Transportation Office, with requests for improvement in the process, covering the topics of Participation Schedule and Public Hearings, which are fundamental to guarantee the quality and transparency of the concession of a strategic service for the city from São Paulo.

In addition, Cidade dos Sonhos, an iCS grantee movement, carried out a series of activities aiming at broadening and facilitating popular participation in the public consultation. From January 15 to January 25, approximately 3 thousand São Paulo inhabitants submitted over 27 thousand contributions to the bidding procedure. Suggestions are also being submitted by the population through a Facebook-based e-citizenship app. IDEC also launched a website in which it describes its proposed improvements to the bidding rules and encourages the population to pressure the municipal government.

Opinion poll on mobility and fuels commissioned by iCS is featured in mass media

The newly-published survey on transportation commissioned by iCS and Instituto Escolhas was featured in Brazilian mass media outlets. O Globo and GloboNews, for example, showed that people's very low regard for the bus, train and subway concessionaires, coupled with insecurity and lack of comfort make them choose private cars as the ideal means of transportation in Brazil. The magazine Exame chose to highlight the belief of Brazilians (60% of respondents) in the country’s ability to replace fossil fuels, although only 37% believe that this movement will, in fact, become a reality. Walter Figueiredo de Simoni, the coordinator of the Transport portfolio of iCS, was one of the guests of TV Brasil's Sem Censura show on January 29, when he talked about the poll.

With support from iCS, ITDP Brasil launches Plataforma MobiliDADOS

With funding from iCS, ITDP Brasil launched Plataforma MobiliDADOS, whose main purpose is to provide support towards the building of more equitable cities, in line with the principles of Sustainable Transportation Oriented Development. To that end, the platform provides access to data relating to 26 Brazilian capital cities, based on which public policy makers, decision makers and the civil society can access updated indicators to be used in projects and actions.

IEMA launches the 2nd National Inventory of Atmospheric Emissions Generated by Automotive Road Vehicles

IEMA – an iCS grantee – has launched the 2nd National Inventory of Atmospheric Emissions Generated by Automotive Road Vehicles. The document presents a methodological discussion and historical series (1980 to 2012) of emissions of greenhouse gases and air pollutants divided by category of vehicles (trucks, automobiles, motorcycles and buses) and by type of fuel (diesel, ethanol, gasoline and natural gas). The results of the inventory help formulate and evaluate policies and initiatives to mitigate emissions generated by the transportation sector. The full inventory is available here.

Minas Gerais government approves law that provides for the implementation of bike paths in urban perimeters crossed by state highways

The Minas Gerais government recently approved a law that provides for the implementation of bike paths within the urban perimeters of municipalities crossed by state highways. This decision took place days after the death of a professional cyclist, who was run over at MGC-262, in Sabará, in the Greater Belo Horizonte area. However, before this project can start, it will be necessary to analyze the topographic conditions, angle and unevenness of the terrain in each region. If there are technical difficulties that prevent the construction of exclusive bike paths separate from cars, bike lanes will be installed with the use of road markings.

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