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iCS’ Newsletter: January/2018
Plans for 2018
Each new year it is common to make resolutions for the new time coming. It’s not different here at iCS. So we asked our executive director Ana Toni, and the portfolio coordinators Gustavo Pinheiro, Roberto Kishinami and Walter Figueiredo de Simoni to tell us their plans for 2018. Happy new year!
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2017 in review
2017 was a year of many achievements, lessons learned, and lots of work. Check out below, in figures, the highlights of what we did. Also, please access the e-book on iCS website, with the main events and achievements from January to December.
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Inside iCS
iCS board holds a two-day meeting to define guidelines for 2018 The organization’s structure and strategies for an important year in Brazil, with presidential elections, were also subject of debate
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Climate Change Policy and Economics
Long-term Strategy for Low Carbon Development, of CEBDS, is officially launched Study evaluates the five key ways for Brazil to accomplish the transition to a low carbon economy.
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COP 23 is a subject of debate at Canal Saúde, from Fiocruz, with Gustavo Pinheiro Presenter Renato Farias talked about the different strategies adopted by countries in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions
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Last episode of Cidades e Soluções in 2017 talks about the One Planet Summit Gustavo Pinheiro was interviewed in an episode that debated, among other themes, the World Bank’s decision to interrupt the financing of oil and gas exploration
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Power
Grantees of the Power portfolio gather to discuss 2018 agenda The main news is that this portfolio will start to address energy more broadly, beyond power
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iCS and IDEC take part in public hearing regarding the energy efficiency of air conditioners The aim is to get the appliances that consume too much electricity off the market
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A review on the work of iCS with air-conditioning The Projeto Kigali will continue its activities in 2018, with projects, researches and partnerships, in order to achieve the goals on emissions reduction
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Urban Mobility
Research commissioned by iCS and Instituto Escolhas shows that Brazilians want a reduction in the use of fossil fuels 88% of interviewees perceive oil companies as greedy, and 60% believe that the country is able to substitute fossil fuels for electricity, biofuel and natural gas
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First International Workshop on Transport Decarbonization takes place in Brasília
Event with both national and international specialists discusses the importance of carbon emission reductions for urban mobility and cargo transportation
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Bill that guarantees the energetic transition of the bus fleets in São Paulo passes in the city council
In 20 years, the transition for clean fuel has to be completed. City should reach 50% until 2028
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What’s Happening in Brazil
Social investment by private institutions shrank in 2016 According to the GIFE census from 2016, the amount of donations also decreased to only 21% of the total spending
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Provisory Measure 795, known as The Trillion PM, awaits president Temer’s approval to become a law It is estimated that the tax incentives for oil companies might reach R$1 trillion
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Grants Approved in December
CDP - Carbon Disclosure Project Latin America | R$ 340.000 To engage C-level leadership in the private sector and government on a coalition towards carbon pricing adoption as a tool to adapt business strategies.
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IESP - Instituto de Estudos Sociais e Politicos | R$ 268.000
To reduce the information asymmetry regarding elected congress officials actions on issues related to climate change.
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IIS -Instituto Internacional para Sustentabilidade | R$ 160.000
To identify the main vulnerabilities for Brazilian infrastructure in the context of a changing climate and extreme weather impacts.
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CAPTAMOS - ABCR Associação Brasileira de Captadores de Recursos | R$ 150.000
To enhance Captamos’ legitimacy as a knowledge hub on fundraising by creating a online learning forum of the fundraisers community.
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Le Monde Diplomatique | R$ 25.000
To promote public debate on alternatives to the current development model to face the challenges of climate change through three articles.
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Rede de Fundos | R$ 48.000
To develop a process of operational planning of the Social Justice Philanthropy Network for the period 2018-2019.
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350.ORG | R$ 250.000
To mobilize Brazilian Municipalities and States authorities against the fossil fuels exploitation.
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LAPPUS – Laboratório de Políticas Públicas e Sociais | R$ 30.000
To mobilize and inform civil society organizations, government and media from the state of Rio Grande do Sul about the impacts of coal mining activities over the environment.
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Corrida Amiga | R$ 7.000
To organize an exhibit titled "Walking is also Transportation" to promote walking, by showing an artistic view of São Paulo and its pedestrians.
Read More
WRI – World Resource Institute | R$ 342.000
To scale up efforts in implementing complete streets infrastructure throughout Brazil. The project will strengthen the National Network for Low Carbon Mobility.
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Plans for 2018
Ana Toni
Executive Director

Even though climate change certainly won’t be a main subject of discussion in the 2018 elections, these elections will be vital for us to understand how Brazil will deal with this topic in the future. Knowing that, iCS will get even deeper in its own areas of work (climate politics, low carbon economy, transport and energy) - and the discussions involving the elections for presidency, state governments, senate and chamber of deputies.

Gustavo Pinheiro
Climate Change Policy and Economics

In 2018 the Instituto Clima e Sociedade (iCS) launches the portfolio of low carbon economy, aiming to boost the ambition of Brazil’s Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC), of 37% reduction on greenhouse gas emissions until 2025, in comparison to the 2005 levels. The new portfolio has as its long-term goal the decoupling of Brazil’s economic expansion from emissions growth. The low carbon economy portfolio will contribute to the flourishing of low carbon sectors in Brazilian economy through three initiatives:

(i) To generate evidences for decision making towards a low carbon economy, (ii) Redirecting investments and subsidies to the low carbon economy, (iii) To boost the offer of good low carbon economy projects.

In the short term, we hope that at the end of 2018 the portfolio will have contributed to the development of a methodology that evaluates the intensity of carbon in Brazil’s GDP, as well as the launching of a national campaign for reducing the investment on fossil fuels and engaging businessmen with the innovation sector. All of that in order to create new business models that can amplify the potential of Brazil’s economic growth, in line with the decarbonization of global economy and the set limit of global warming in 1.5o C until the end of the 21st Century.

Roberto Kishinami
Power

For 2018, a year with federal and state elections, the expectation is to bring to discussion the proposal of having at least one Brazilian state being entirely powered by renewable energy until 2030. We also want to commit to reaching the number of 20 self-sufficient buildings with renewable energy, certified by the Green Building Council through a protocol elaborated with support from iCS.

Walter Figueiredo de Simoni
Urban Mobility

We have the idea of being more than just an urban mobility portfolio, and becoming a real portfolio of transport. The plan is to approach the theme of cargo transportation, and to have more discussions about fuel, or in other words, the individual contribution of electrification and the role of biofuel in the decarbonization of transports. In regards to urban mobility, I expect that the monitoring processes that we have been supporting through Nossa BH, in Belo Horizonte, and Casa Fluminense, in Rio de Janeiro, can expand to other cities, such as São Paulo, Recife, and Brasília. Speaking of São Paulo, there is a huge challenge in 2018: to make sure that the bus auction bids actually happen, and that the law that guarantees the fuel transition in public transport gets approved.

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Retrospectiva 2017

2017 was a year of many achievements, lessons learned, and lots of work at iCS. Check out below, in figures, the highlights of what we did. Also, please access the ebook on iCS website, with the main events and achievements from January to December.

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Inside iCS
iCS board holds a two-day meeting to define guidelines for 2018

The iCS board, presided by Ana Yang, met at the Clima e Sociedade’s office in Rio de Janeiro, to evaluate 2017 and to outline the goals and plans for 2018, as well as to define the institute’s acting priorities in a year of presidential elections. Apart from Yang, the organization’s board is composed of Rodrigo Fiães, Leonardo Lacerda, Carolina Burle Schmidt Dubeux, Carlos Parcias and Lucia Nader.

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Climate Change Policy and Economics
Long-term Strategy for Low Carbon Development, of CEBDS, is officially launched

The study Long-term Strategy for Low Carbon Development, carried out by CEBDS, with support from iCS, was launched on December 12 with a high level debate at Museu do Amanha (Museum of Tomorrow), in Rio de Janeiro, moderated by journalist André Trigueiro. The document addresses the challenges that Brazil will face ahead in order to complete the transition to a low-carbon economy, with five main paths to follow, as well as it defines the roles of the private sector and the various governmental areas when contributing to neutralize de greenhouse effect global emissions (GEE) until 2050.Check the full document here.

Some of the participants in the debates were Roberto Schaeffer, teacher associate of the Programa de Planejamento Estratégico da COPPE (UFRJ); Adriano Leite de Barros, head of Public Affairs at Vestas do Brasil; Willian Wills, researcher at Centro de Estudo Integrado sobre Meio Ambiente e Mudancas Climaticas of COPPE; and Gustavo Pinheiro, coordinator of iCS Portfolio Climate Change Policy and Economics.

COP 23 is a subject of debate at Canal Saúde, from Fiocruz, with Gustavo Pinheiro

Gustavo Pinheiro, from iCS, was one of the guests of Canal Saúde, from Fiocruz, for the debate about COP 23 that took place in Bonn, in Germany. In the agenda were the alliances between certain countries to stop using charcoal as a traditional source of energy, and the announcement of biofuel developments, beyond the Brazilian challenge to reach the goals set in its NDC.

Last episode of Cidades e Soluções in 2017 talks about the One Planet Summit

The last episode of the GloboNews’ show Cidades e Soluções in 2017 was aired in December, and it brought all the repercussions from the One Planet Summit, organized by French president Emmanuel Macron. The news show covered, among various issues, the World Bank’s important decision to stop financing oil and gas exploration, which is exactly the opposite of what the Brazilian government is promoting through Provisional Measure 795. Gustavo Pinheiro from iCS was interviewed by Andre Trigueiro for the show.

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Power
Grantees of the Power portfolio gather to discuss 2018 agenda

Fourteen organizations, all iCS grantees on the Power portfolio, gathered in a hotel in Santa Teresa with Roberto Kishinami, portfolio coordinator, to evaluate the work that was done in 2017 and, mainly, plan the future. From 2018 onwards Clima e Sociedade will start to expand its field of work from electricity to energy.

iCS and IDEC take part in public hearing regarding the energy efficiency of air conditioners

On December 5, Kamyla Borges and Ruy de Góes represented iCS in a public hearing about establishing the new specific rules and the new targets program for the coefficient of energy efficiency for air conditioners. This hearing was called by the Ministry of Mines and Energy after a public consultation in which many iCS grantees participated, including IDEC, Observatório do Clima and many others. The goal is to get off the market the air conditioners that consume more electricity. It is expected that this order will be published in the first semester of 2018.

A review on the work of iCS with air-conditioning

In August the iCS held a meeting with the team from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) to discuss technical details of the research that the laboratory will be carrying out, which aims to higher the standards of energy efficiency of Split type air-conditioners sold across Brazil. This measure’s goal is to reduce power consumption and reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. In November and December, iCS and both its civil society and academic partners took part in a public consultation regarding the new levels of energy efficiency to be established by the Brazilian government. iCS has declared itself to be in favour of the approval of the government’s proposal, which is conditioned to shorter review deadlines. iCS has an exclusive program about air-conditioning in its Power portfolio – the Projeto Kigali – and will keep active in 2018 with projects, research and partnerships, in order to achieve the goals on emissions reduction.

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Urban Mobility
Research commissioned by iCS and Instituto Escolhas shows that Brazilians want a reduction in the use of fossil fuels

88% of Brazilians perceive oil companies as greedy, and 60% believe that the country is able to substitute fossil fuels, but only 37% believe that this will actually be done. These are the main results of this research that was done with 3.000 people by Idea Big Data, and commissioned by Instituto Clima e Sociedade and Escolhas, an iCS grantee. Among the interviewees 45.6% are in favor of a reduction in the consumption of gasoline, and the majority points out that the use of electricity, biofuels and natural gas in public transport should increase.

Writing to the press, Sergio Leitão, executive director of Instituto Escolhas, stated that “the population understands the negative consequences of oil in their lives, which should help to reaffirm the need of Brazil to immediately start a transition to a decarbonized economy”. Check out Exame’s article about the research.

First International Workshop on Transport Decarbonization takes place in Brasilia

On December 6, iCS organized, in partnership with the German Embassy and IEMA (Instituto de Energia e Meio Ambiente), one of iCS’ grantees, the International Workshop on Transport Decarbonization, in Brasilia. This was the second event of the series ““Diálogos por um Futuro Sustentável”, and it addressed both Brazilian and foreign experiences and strategies in the transport sector, highlighting the commitments of the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), and the importance of carbon emission reductions in urban mobility and cargo transport.

In a story published by IstoÉ magazine na matéria da IstoÉ during the event, Portugal’s assistant secretary for the Environment, José Mendes, stressed the need for us to find alternatives for this matter that are not just technological. “The rise of the market share of public transport is very slow, not just in Brazil but in the whole world. The worst thing we can do is to make this a purely technological debate. We have to be knowledgeable and involve people.”

Bill that guarantees the energetic transition of the bus fleets in Sao Paulo passes in the city council

Civil society and the population of São Paulo have had an important victory last December: the bill 300/17, which secures the use of clean fuel in the capital’s bus fleet has been approved by the city council with some concession, such as progressive targets to bring city bus emissions to zero, fines to the companies that don’t meet the target, to include mayoral vehicles in the energetic transition, and also to include the intercity bus lines in the project. The bus companies will have to commit to the energetic transition of their fleets, with 50% done in 10 years, and the other 50% in 20 years time, in 2038. Now the bill needs to be sanctioned by mayor João Dória to take effect.

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What’s Happening in Brazil
Social investment by private institutions shrank in 2016

Private institutions involved in charity have reduced their social investment in the last few years. According to the GIFE Census 2016, the amount that was deposited was 2.9 billion in 2016, 19% less than 2014, year of the last census. The donations themselves have also gone down and received only 21% of the total social investment – the rest was spent on the institutions’ own social programs. Another relevant fact is that among the 113 organizations that responded to the GIFE’s survey only 16% are exclusively donors.

Provisory Measure 795, known as The Trillion PM, awaits president Temer’s approval to become a law

At the end of the year president Michel Temer discussed the terms of sanctioning the Provisory Measure 795, known as The Trillion PM. The Lower House and the Senate have already approved the PM text, which goes against the global efforts to reduce the use of oil. Now it depends only on this sanction to become a law. The measure changes the taxation rules in both the exploration and production sectors, unburdening investments, with tax exemption for importing equipments, for instance, and mainly platforms. It is estimated that the tax benefits for these oil companies may reach R$ 1 trillion.

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Grants Approved in December
CDP - Carbon Disclosure Project Latin America Grant Amount R$ 340.000 Grant Period 12 months Portfolio Climate Policy and Economy Purpose of Grant: To engage C-level leadership in the private sector (corporations, investors, and sector associations) and government (financial system regulators) on a coalition towards carbon pricing adoption as a tool to adapt business strategies and build public policies that maximize Brazilian competitive advantages in a low carbon economy.
IESP - Instituto de Estudos Sociais e Politicos Grant Amount R$ 268.000 Grant Period 12 months Portfolio Climate Policy and Economy Purpose of Grant: To reduce the information asymmetry regarding elected congress officials actions on issues related to climate change, and contribute to improve congress accountability to society by developing analysis which will be disseminated through a digital platform accessible to citizens and civil society organizations on the internet.
IIS -Instituto Internacional para Sustentabilidade Grant Amount R$ 160.000 Grant Period 8 months Portfolio Climate Policy and Economy Purpose of Grant: To identify the main vulnerabilities for Brazilian infrastructure in the context of a changing climate and extreme weather impacts.
CAPTAMOS - ABCR Associação Brasileira de Captadores de Recursos Grant Amount R$ 150.000 Grant Period 12 months Portfolio Outreach Purpose of Grant: To enhance Captamos’ legitimacy as a knowledge hub on fundraising by creating a online learning forum of the fundraisers community and coordinating a collaborative initiative that can raise funds for its members.
Le Monde Diplomatique Grant Amount R$ 25.000 Grant Period 6 months Portfolio Outreach Purpose of Grant: To promote public debate on alternatives to the current development model to face the challenges of climate change through three articles to be published in the journal "Le Monde Diplomatique Brazil": 1 - The international climate agreements has effectiveness in mitigating climate change on Brazilian policies? 2 - Brazil, climate change, and an assessment of its commitments to sustainable development. 3 - The Brazilian energy matrix and the sustainable development.
Rede de Fundos Grant Amount R$ 48.000 Grant Period 6 months Portfolio Outreach Purpose of Grant: The purpose of this proposal is to develop a process of operational planning of the Social Justice Philanthropy Network for the period 2018-2019 and the implementation of strategic / priority actions linked to its biannual plan (product of this process), aligned with its mission.
350.ORG Grant Amount R$ 250.000 Grant Period 18 months Portfolio Power Purpose of Grant: To mobilize Brazilian Municipalities and States authorities against the fossil fuels exploitation, establishing barriers or ban measures as appropriated, through mobilization of local CSOs to target decision-makers.
LAPPUS – Laboratório de Políticas Públicas e Sociais Grant Amount R$ 30.000 Grant Period 6 months Portfolio Power Purpose of Grant: To mobilize and inform civil society organizations, government and media from the state of Rio Grande do Sul about the impacts of coal mining activities over the environment and the public health of local communities. The impact of a possible extinction of mining activities will also be addressed.
Corrida Amiga Grant Amount R$ 7.000 Grant Period 6 months Portfolio Urban Mobility Purpose of Grant: To organize an exhibit titled "Walking is also Transportation" to promote walking, by showing an artistic view of São Paulo and its pedestrians. The material will include topics such as climate change, public transportation, and others. The exhibit will be presented in the São Paulo subway stations.
WRI – World Resource Institute Grant Amount R$ 342.000 Grant Period 12 months Portfolio Urban Mobility Purpose of Grant: To scale up efforts in implementing complete streets infrastructure throughout Brazil. The project will strengthen the National Network for Low Carbon Mobility, hosted by the National Mayor's Front, and their promotion of active and public transportation. This is the second grant towards this project, and will enable further dissemination of concepts and capacity building of players, implementation of projects, promotion of CSO participation and a legal analysis of complete streets governance.
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