View as webpage

iCS' NEWSLETTER
September 2018
Special: Mobility month in the arena of the elections

A plan for zero emissions from 2060

Climate change: risks and opportunities for the development of Brazil

Sustainable Future Dialogues: Climate and health is the agenda for the next event

Brazil hosts the 4th Global Policy Conference (GCPC)

C-20 discusses topics such as the environment, climate, and energy

Mostra Ecofalante de Cinema Ambiental arrives in Rio de Janeiro and Brasilia

From auctions of energy efficiency to credit lines

Energy efficiency and productivity are closer than you imagine

Looking at emissions in the aviation sector

Brazil is struggling to meet climate commitments

MapBiomas details the territorial occupation of Brazil since 1985

What is the importance of MRV to the implementation of the Brazilian NDC?

Urban mobility as a measure of climate change

Diversity: gender and race equity workshop

#iCS Webinar: Roraima Renewable Project

SDG 13: iCS is well evaluated in philanthropy ranking

Marilene Ramos is on iCS board

REPORTS

Grants Approved in August


WHAT'S HAPPENING IN BRAZIL
SPECIAL: Mobility month in the arena of the elections

No matter what the means of transport, whether you are on an empty street or stuck in a traffic jam, we are all traveling through mobility month. Officially, September brings us multiple opportunities to reflect on one of the most important itineraries throughout Brazil. Thousands of cities and organizations are promoting initiatives, events and discussion forums on the most diverse modes of locomotion, policies of employment and public transport as a social right. According to the goals of Agenda 2030, "sustainable cities and communities" is the eleventh of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), which seek to guarantee access to safe systems of transport at an affordable price, road safety, an increase in inclusive urbanization and much more.

Because passenger transport is the main source of greenhouse gas emissions in Brazilian cities, we believe in the urgent need to broaden the debate on urban mobility. However, where to start? A good way is to discourage the use of individual motorized vehicles, to accelerate investment in good quality public transport and the fight for the reduction of territorial inequalities.

Henrique Silveira, the executive coordinator of the Casa Fluminense, emphasizes that speaking about full mobility goes much further than just transport. "Urban mobility is the access to the city. It is our right to have access to employment, work, services, opportunities and leisure from where we live. However, it is also a significant discussion about urban planning and how we distribute opportunities more equitably in the country,” he explains. In other words, it is not only about a method of travel, but also about urban re-ordering and how to structure an entire system of possible transport methods for all the population - especially those who live in the outskirts.

Credit: Disclosure

The Brazilian scenario of mobility is extremely chaotic. Evidence of this could be found in the American survey Expert Market, which analyzed the world's main centers of transport and indicated Rio de Janeiro as the worst classification among the 74 ranking positions. Brasilia, Salvador and Sao Paulo also occupied negative positions - 68, 70 and 72, respectively. "Rio has the largest travel time between home and work in the country. What society wants are answers so that we can get out of this uncomfortable condition, which drains the quality of life of the population as a whole, the working classes and all those who need to travel long distances every day" says Silveira.

In these pre-election times, the Casa Fluminense is requesting action by the legislative and executive branch regarding the five points consolidated in the chapter on urban mobility in the Agenda Rio 2030. These seek to increase the number of the metropolitan trains and subways and their frequency, the expansion of investment in public transport, the reduction of the time intervals, the modernization of the stations and the improvement in accessibility. Added to this, there is the significant problem of individual motorized transport. "We need more structures for pedestrian, bicycle paths and to create more restrictions on car use. This is an important vision of the future in a more human city."

BACK TO TOP

CLIMATE POLICY AND OUTREACH
A plan for zero emissions from 2060

A delegation from the Fórum Brasileiro de Mudanças Climáticas (FBMC) [the Brazilian Climate Change Forum] delivered, the Initial Proposal for the Implementation of the NDC (Nationally Determined Contribution) to the President of the Republic, Michel Temer. Alfredo Sirkis, the executive coordinator of the FBMC, explained that the proposal is compatible with a carbon neutral strategy at the beginning of the second half of the century. Among those present at the meeting held at the Palácio do Planalto were, in addition to Sirkis, Ana Carolina Szklo (representing the Brazilian Business Council for Sustainable Development – BSCD Brazil), Ana Toni, executive director of the iCS, and Virgilio Viana, director of the Fundação Amazônia Sustentável [Sustainable Amazon Foundation].

Credit: Disclosure

At the same meeting, Temer signed a document with a request for the FBMC to prepare - in four months - a proposal that would enable zero net greenhouse gas emissions from 2060. The justification of Temer is that Brazil needs to include a long-term strategy in its NDC.  

.

Credit: Disclosure

BACK TO TOP

Climate change: risks and opportunities for the development of Brazil

The election candidates have a new document to read. 28 proposals signed by 170 entities from agribusiness, academia, civil society and companies operating in the environmental field. The document includes suggestions such as incentives to increase food production sustainably in the country, to modernize agricultural practices and to strengthen environmental preservation. The document was organized by the Brazilian Coalition on Climate, Forests and Agriculture and arrived at an important moment when the country accounts for 7% of global food exports and has the largest biodiversity on the planet. Check it out!

BACK TO TOP

Sustainable Future Dialogues: Climate and health is the agenda for the next event

On September 13, 2018, the iCS and the German Embassy are holding, in Brasilia, the International Meeting on Climate and Health. The event is the fifth in the series of Sustainable Future Dialogues and proposes a qualified debate on the current challenges that climate change represents and its impact on human health. The event will be divided into two panels, with national and international perspectives. The speakers include Carol Devine (MSF-Canada), Christovam Barcellos (Ministry of Health) and Neilor Cardoso Guilherme (Albert Einstein Hospital/Projeto Hospitais Saudáveis [the Healthy Hospitals Project]). To register and obtain more details about the program, click here!

Credit: Disclosure

BACK TO TOP

Brazil hosts the 4th Global Policy Conference (GCPC)

The fourth Global Climate Policy Conference in Sao Paulo was a success! In addition to gathering participants from different continents, it facilitated significant academic exchanges and learning in the field of research. Among the various topics presented, highlights were the panels of energy transition, resilience and sustainability of the cities, the use of land, the implementation of the NDC in Latin America and the innovation of renewable energy policies. Approximately 60 people – including researchers, journalists and world representatives - filled the auditorium of the Fundação Getúlio Vargas, making the debate even more qualified and potent in the field of climate governance. The event was supported by the Oak Foundation and carried out in partnership between Climate Strategies, the Climate and Society Institute, the Iniciativa Climática do México (ICM) [the Climate Initiative of Mexico] and the Konrad Adenauer Foundation. Look at the pictures!

Credit: Ricardo Lisboa

BACK TO TOP

C-20 discusses topics such as the environment, climate, and energy

Over 250 representatives from civil organization members of C-20 (Civil-20 - the arm of the civil society of G-20, a group of countries in which Brazil is a participant) met in Argentina for a debate about integral health, education, and inclusion, gender and equity, anti-corruption, the environment and energy. One of the tables, mediated by Alice Amorim, of the iCS, spoke of the Environment, Climate and Energy with the support of Enrique Konstantinidis, Silvia Alonso, from the Global Catholic Climate Movement and Clemir Fernandes, from the Institute of Religious Studies (ISER), representing Faith in the Climate. Clemir emphasized how these connections have resulted in qualified efforts of increased activity of the religious communities involved with climate change. A document was created at the meeting to be included in the official meeting of G-20, which will be held in November, also in Buenos Aires.

Credit: Disclosure

BACK TO TOP

Mostra Ecofalante de Cinema Ambiental arrives in Rio de Janeiro and Brasilia

Credit: Ecofalante' disclosure

For the first time, the Mostra Ecofalante de Cinema Ambiental [the Ecofalante Festival of Environmental Cinema], the most important event in Latin America dedicated to the socio-environment, made a stop in Rio de Janeiro after the seventh edition in Sao Paulo, in which 121 films were shown from 31 countries, representing all the continents. Altogether, Rio and Niteroi had the opportunity to watch 45 films, in addition to five debates and two chat sessions with the film-makers. From September 7-16, it will be the turn of Brasilia to receive the festival with innovations in the program. Do not miss it!!

Credit: Ecofalante' website

BACK TO TOP

ENERGY
From auctions of energy efficiency to credit lines

The 15th edition of the Congresso Brasileiro de Eficiência Energética (COBEE) [the Brazilian Congress of Energy Efficiency], held by ABESCO in São Paulo, brought together different participants to discuss energy, sustainability and the environment, including actions and programs in business activities, in addition to the challenges and opportunities for the sector in the forthcoming years. The panels and lectures ranged in subjects from energy efficiency auctions in Brazil to credit lines, including an evaluation of the results of the energy efficiency program and the promotion of the regulation of energy management in Brazilian industry.

Credit: Disclosure

"Much remains to be done in the country in terms of energy efficiency. The subject has been treated more as an obligation of the distributors to invest in energy efficiency than as an opportunity. The auctions, by introducing market mechanisms such as competition and remuneration based on the economy obtained, are an innovation because this results in companies having an interest in the investment and can finally make efficiency become a reality in Brazil. The potential is enormous," said Ricardo Lima, who presented a study carried out in Roraima in partnership with iCS.

BACK TO TOP

Energy efficiency and productivity are closer than you imagine

The "Challenges of Energy Efficiency in Brazilian Industry" was the main theme of the last event organized by the Climate Policy Initiative (CPI) in Rio de Janeiro. The central point of the study presented by the CPI is that the relationship between energy efficiency and productivity is evident. In other words, the challenge of the energy agenda is inserted into broader questions about the competitiveness of the industry. Based on information for 106 sectors of the industry from 2003 to 2015, the document shows that, although the companies improved their efficiency indicators, the dynamics of the markets generated a setback in the participation of the most efficient companies. This signifies that a challenge for the agenda is precisely to eliminate barriers from outside and not inside companies.

BACK TO TOP

LOW CARBON ECONOMY
Looking at emissions in the aviation sector

Brazil must participate in the Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA) with the objective to reduce and compensate greenhouse gas emissions specifically in the sector. This is the main recommendation of the study performed by the Institute of Conservation and Sustainable Development of the Amazon (IDESAM) in partnership with society organizations - Instituto Centro Vida (ICV), Fundação Amazonas Sustentável (FAS) and Imazon, among others. CORSIA, led by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), of the United Nations (UN), comes into force from 2021 with the voluntary participation of countries such as the United States, Thailand, United Kingdom, Mexico, and Jamaica. To date, 72 nations have already committed to participate, representing 70% of the international aviation operations. 

BACK TO TOP

Brazil is struggling to meet climate commitments

On August 14, 2018, SEEG launched a new report entitled "GHG emissions in Brazil and their implications for public policies and the Brazilian contribution to the Paris Agreement." This is a summary of the last four sectoral analytical publications of the System of Estimates of Greenhouse Gas Emissions up to 2016. In fact, it is estimated that the next President of the Republic, when elected in October, will have to deal with a reality: Brazil is far from complying with the commitments made at the Paris Agreement for climate change and recent alterations in the environmental policy have made this situation even more complex. See the 10 recommendations made by the Observatório do Clima [the Climate Observatory] that are contained in the summarized report.

BACK TO TOP

MapBiomas details the territorial occupation of Brazil since 1985

UNPRECEDENTED! MapBiomas introduced the new data set of mapping that allows the investigation of the territorial occupation of any part of Brazil for every year since 1985. According to Tasso Azevedo, of the Observatório do Clima and coordinator of the project, it is the longest series of data on the coverage and use of land in Brazil - as well as also being innovative in the world. The tool, which allows the discovery of what has happened in Brazil with a resolution in pixels of 30 x 30 meters, is public, unprecedented and free. Navigate to the platform!

Credit: Disclosure

BACK TO TOP

What is the importance of MRV to the implementation of the Brazilian NDC?

WRI Brazil organized, in partnership with iCS, the event "Challenges of Governance in the Creation of an MRV System for the Brazilian NDC". On the agenda was the importance of systems of Measurement, Reporting and Verification (MRV) to strengthen the implementation of the NDC and as a pre-condition for the creation of a pricing and support system to the improvement of emissions for the industrial sector. Another recommendation pointed out that the climate agenda must be transversal to all public policies. The meeting was an opportunity to add reflections, comments, and suggestions to the development of a Working Paper produced by WRI Brazil. Listen to the interview with Juliana Speranza, an expert from the climate program, for radio BandNews!

Credit: WRI

The participants at the event received a translated version of the Guide for Designing Mandatory Greenhouse Gas Reporting Programs, made by the WRI Global, which is a methodological contribution to the national system for the organizational sector (which is in discussion by the Federal Government).

BACK TO TOP

TRANSPORT
Urban mobility as a measure of climate change

Como Anda [How to Walk] organized Caminhos Cruzados, [Crossed Paths], a virtual debate experiment to discuss a topic with different approaches. The proposal is as follows: the guests must respond to three questions prepared by the organization and comment on the response of the other thereby encouraging divergences, particularities and similarities in the visions about walking mobility. In August, Aline Cavalcante, from the Coalizão Clima e Mobilidade Ativa (CCMob) [Climate Coalition and Active Mobility] and Walter de Simoni, coordinator of the transport portfolio of iCS, were the protagonists in the debate on urban mobility as a measurement of climate change. Read the full text!

Credit: Ryoji Iwata - Unsplash

BACK TO TOP

INSIDE THE ICS
Diversity: gender and race equity workshop

With an eye on the Agenda 2030 Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), iCS organized a workshop on August 10, 2018, about gender and race equity. Given by doctor in psychology Maria Aparecida Bento, the executive director of the Centro de Estudos das Relações de Trabalho e Desigualdades (CEERT), [Center for Studies of Labor Relations and Inequalities], the activity resulted in significant reflections regarding the work of iCS in reducing the racial inequalities that structure the diverse spaces and contexts of Brazil.

The iCS staff had a full day of debate with the CEERT team, including presentations and action plans. According to an Oxfam survey, Brazil is the country with the second highest inequality among the members of G-20 – losing only to South Africa. This is due to the insufficiency of the institutional mechanisms of inclusion, in addition to the reproduction dispositions of hierarchies and social inequalities, in which racism is highlighted. At the workshop, Cida Bento presented data from studies that related the inequalities with climate change, leading to a reflection on social privileges, the greater incidence of the effects of climate change on the most vulnerable population, engagement, female representation in environmental issues and much more.

Credit: CEERT

BACK TO TOP

#iCS Webinar: Roraima Renewable Project

On August 7, 2018, the Climate and Society Institute held the second webinar in its headquarters in Rio de Janeiro. The online event had as an agenda a discussion about the challenges and perspectives of the state of Roraima - located in the north region of Brazil - in the context of the Brazilian electrical sector. There were approximately two hours of presentations about the electric power potential of Roraima, as well as the specifications of the climate, the cost of importing energy from Venezuela and the 46% indigenous territory, among others. In total, the broadcast was structured in seven presentations given by different social participants – including government representatives, coordinators, a director, an expert and a consultant - in order to understand and explain the problems of the diversity of the community, the climate and the different scenarios in the state. This is the link to the webinar.

Credit: Disclosure

"The webinar introduced a general vision of the efforts involved as part of the solution of the difficult energy situation experienced by Roraima, particularly in the capital of Boa Vista – where 350,000 of the 480,000 inhabitants of the state live.  The objective of iCS in this project is to contribute so that all these people have access to clean energy. To achieve this, the increase in energy efficiency and the use of renewable sources, which are abundant in Roraima, can contribute to practically eliminate the use of diesel to generate electricity in a large part of the Amazon," explained Roberto Kishnami, the coordinator of the energy portfolio of iCS.

BACK TO TOP

SDG 13: iCS is well evaluated in philanthropy ranking

SDGfunders is a tool that is capable of measuring how institutions are contributing to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG). In 2016, the platform mapped US$ 69 billion invested in the 17 SDG. However, projects linked to the climate only received a small portion of these funds. Only 0.76% of the total money supported projects linked to SDG 13 involving climate action. The country receives US$ 8.3 million for SDG 13, of which more than half goes through the iCS. Globally, iCS is the 16th ranked organization that most invests in SDG 13. Furthermore, it is the largest fundraiser from Brazil in this area and ranks first. If all the SDG are considered, iCS is the 5th largest receptor of the country. See the highlights in the tables below:


Credit: SDGFunders


Credit: SDGFunders

BACK TO TOP

Marilene Ramos is on iCS board

Marilene Ramos is the newest member of the iCS board. She has a degree in civil engineering from the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ) and a doctorate in environmental engineering from COPPE/UFRJ. She was director of infrastructure and sustainability between 2016 and 2018 at the Bank of Economic and Social Development (BNDES) - responsible for the areas of energy (AE), social and environmental public management (AGS) and sanitation and transport (ASP). She was president of IBAMA from 2015 to 2016, secretary of the environment and president of the Instituto Estadual do Ambiente do Rio de Janeiro (INEA) [the State Institute of the Environment of Rio de Janeiro] from 2008 to 2014. Among her qualifications, Marilene is renowned for taking part in the development and implementation of public policies involving the environment with an emphasis in the areas of management, climate change, sanitation, the green economy and finances. In addition, she is also a lecturer at the School of Public and Business Administration of the Getúlio Vargas Foundation (EBAPE/FGV). Meet the full board.

Credit: Disclosure

BACK TO TOP

Reports
BACK TO TOP

Grants Approved in August
Grant Amount
R$1.000.000,00
Grant Period
18 months
Portfolio
Climate Policy and Outreach

Observatório do Clima

Purpose of Grant: To provide a general support grant to Observatório do Clima (OC). It will strength OC's incidence capacity towards greater Brazilian climate ambition. Support the production of annual GHG emissions estimates for Brazil, analysis, and recommendations towards economic decarbonization and the evolution of climate policy, the development of recommendations to the Brazilian Long-Term Strategy and the incorporation of OC as an independent organization.

Grant Amount
R$1.000.000,00
Grant Period
12 months
Portfolio
Transport

ITDP – Instituto de Políticas de Transporte & Desenvolvimento

Purpose of Grant: To contribute to the adoption and improvement of low-carbon urban mobility policies throughout Brazil - by focusing on the use of metrics and indicators as guiding principles for policymakers and civil society. The project will develop the capacity building, research and communication activities focused around the transport-oriented development principles, using the MobiliDADOS database as a centerpiece. The project will also support ITDP in shaping Brazil’s carbon targets for urban mobility.

Grant Amount
R$745.000,00
Grant Period
12 months
Portfolio
Energy

Instituto Escolhas

Purpose of Grant: To produce knowledge on key issues for Brazil´s transition towards a low carbon economy. Power generation and low carbon pathways for the Brazilian economy are the key issue areas to work on.

BACK TO TOP

This is a monthly newsletter sent by the Instituto Clima e Sociedade – iCS
Please send suggestions or comments to andreia@climaesociedade.org