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iCS' NEWSLETTER
February 2019
Research confirms the alignment of ICS donations with the Sustainable Development Goals

Brazil and the future of renewable energy

IDEC calculator clarifies the costs of the electricity bill

Energy alternatives for traditional Amazonian communities

The 2018 report of activities of the Kigali Project is available!

iCS participates in the annual meeting of K-CEP

Energy efficiency is highlighted in the Ten-Year Plan of Energy

Higher standard of performance, lower costs on the bill

#Quanto é? morar longe? [How much is it? Do you live far away?]

18 Brazilian states do not monitor air quality

Gender inequality in urban mobility

Event debates about planning, monitoring and mobility management

What Design Can Do selects finalists for The Global Challenge

Alziras Institute and the mission in Germany

Next Sustainable Future Dialogues will discuss renewable energy

Six climate and environmental questions for the presidency of Jair Bolsonaro

Meeting about Venture Philanthropy discusses new forms of investment and social impact

Workshop brings together NGOs to discuss and strengthen institutional communication

CLIMATE + HEALTH

NAVIGATING BY DECARBONIZATION ROUTES


INSIDE iCS
Research confirms the alignment of ICS donations with the Sustainable Development Goals

Has the work of the Institute for Climate and Society and its grantees contributed to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG)? "We always had the intuition that our work aligned significantly with the SDG. However, this recently went from only being a perception: we now have quantitative and systematized data that demonstrates how this happens", explained Luiza de Mello e Souza, the institutional relations manager of the organization.

The four portfolios of the iCS were the subjects of a study produced by Clara Costa and Raíssa Ferreira, which is the result of a partnership between iCS and the Master's Program in International Policy Analysis (MAPI) at PUC-Rio. The general objective of the study was to analyze the alignment of the projects supported by iCS with Agenda 2030, which aims to renew the commitment of countries in search of better living conditions. The approach of the action plan prioritizes social, economic and environmental development, which translates into 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) and 169 associated targets.   

From a careful reading of the SDGs and their targets, as well as a summary of 122 grants awarded by iCS, the researchers discovered that the vast majority of the supported projects are aligned to at least one SDG, and at least one specific goal.


In fact, the group of supported projects includes twelve of the seventeen SDGs, with the following appearing more incisively: SDG 13, about combating climate change, with 40 aligned projects; SDG 7, about access to energy, with 22 proposals; and SDG 11, about sustainable cities, with 21 projects - these three SDGs aligned with 68% of the analyzed donations. In addition to these, both SDG 9, about sustainable infrastructures, and SDG 16, about inclusive societies, are each aligned with another 11 donations. In general, 45% of the donations were also aligned with a second SDG.

According to the researchers, "the conducted analysis reaffirms the vocation of iCS of bridging the gap between climate and social agendas". They highlighted that explaining the alignment between iCS and the SDG can contribute to improve the communication about the work done, and to an evaluation of the activities of iCS and its grantees.

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ENERGY
Brazil and the future of renewable energy

The Instituto Escolhas has released a video in which it provides a brief summary of the study "What are the real costs and benefits of the sources of electricity generation in Brazil?". In Brazil, over 80% of the electricity is derived from renewable sources, which are mostly hydro-electrical. However, this model produces technical, economic, social and environmental controversies, such as the reduction in rainfall, the high cost of implementation and maintenance, the removal of people and the flooding of surrounding areas. The video shows, as an alternative, that the country could increase by 68% the share of new renewable sources in its energy matrix by 2035 (such as wind, solar and biomass) without affecting the competitiveness and attractiveness to consumers or by affecting access to energy. Watch here!


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IDEC calculator clarifies the costs of the electricity bill

IDEC (the Institute for the Defense of the Consumer) launched the "It's your bill" calculator that helps users identify the costs of their electricity bills in different situations, clarifies each item of the invoice and explains the Brazilian tariff and energy systems. The premise is simple: without understanding the information, it is not possible to claim your rights. On the platform, IDEC goes further and creates an example of an ideal electricity bill that would be sent to the customer's home, with all the required information and explanations, as well as transparency in the energy sources and in the investments made with the citizen’s money. In addition, it provides all you need to know about energy efficiency, its importance, and the impact that it exerts on our lives. Visit the platform


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Energy alternatives for traditional Amazonian communities

The ENERGY & COMMUNITIES Fair/Symposium, which takes place on March 25-28 in Manaus (AM), promises to be the meeting point of energy solutions for Amazonian communities – among a growing clientele and the market of  products and services aimed precisely at the generation of alternative energy (such as solar, wind, small-scale biomass, and off-grid) in isolated and remote systems. Organized by a committee that includes entities such as iCS, the Institute for Energy and the Environment (IEMA), the WWF, and the Socio-Environmental Institute (ISA), among others, the fair will focus on the thousands of indigenous, riverbank and traditional villages and communities, which are not connected to the National Interconnected System (SIN) and who want to replace the energy that is supplied by diesel generators, which are burdensome and produce high greenhouse gases emissions. Learn more details and participate!


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ENERGY EFFICIENCY
The 2018 report of activities of the Kigali Project is available!

The Kigali Project in Brazil has its origins in the approval of the Kigali Amendment of the Montreal Protocol, in 2016. This controls the production and consumption of HFCs, which are the types of gases in air conditioners that contribute significantly to global warming. From the creation of the Kigali Cooling Efficiency Program (K-CEP), which is an international philanthropic initiative that supports projects around the world to promote clean and efficient cooling, iCS has observed the scenario as an opportunity to leverage strategies destined for the promotion of the potential of energy efficiency in the sector and also to strengthen the ecosystem of NGOs related to the theme of energy conservation.

There are four main focuses of the project in the country: i) to support the inclusion of energy efficiency actions of air conditioning in the planning of the electric sector and also in the reduction plan of HFCs; ii) to take action for the laboratorial adaptation for the transformation of the Brazilian market; iii) to evaluate the technical and economic visibility for a Brazilian market of high efficiency compressors; and iv) to act so that the energy efficiency levels of ACs, the Brazilian Labeling Program, and the Procel Seal, are revised so that they are closer to global best practices.

See the complete report of achievements and activities from the first year of Kigali Project here!

 

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iCS participates in the annual meeting of K-CEP

The Institute for Climate and Society, through the Kigali Project, was in the city of Kigali in Rwanda to attend the annual meeting of the Kigali Cooling Efficiency Program (K-CEP), which received all the partners involved in the promotion of energy efficiency around the world in order to discuss the advances, the lessons learned, and to plan joint actions for 2019. "At the occasion, the Kigali Project received two awards from K-CEP, one for the efforts for the approval of the new levels of energy efficiency for air conditioners, and another for submitting the periodic reports always on time and well written", explains Kamyla Borges Cunha, the project coordinator in Brazil.


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Energy efficiency is highlighted in the Ten-Year Plan of Energy

The Energy Research Company (EPE) published a technical note about the consumption of electric energy for air conditioning in Brazilian households, which has more than tripled in the last 12 years. Even so, part of the consumption of electricity was avoided due to actions of energy efficiency, with the estimated cumulative gain of 8% between 2005 and 2017. Although there have been regulatory advances, there are still barriers to be overcome so that the mechanism of efficiency standards has wider results in Brazil, such as the need for a greater knowledge of the market and the evaluation of the results and impacts of the mechanism for subsequent improvements. Read the complete note and understand the context.


The EPE also highlighted the energy efficiency for air conditioner units on page 211 of the 2027 Ten-Year Plan of Energy. The studies indicate that the consumption of electricity due to "air conditioners in residences is growing around 4.5% per year, from 18.7 TWh in 2017, to 29.1 TWh in 2027, which makes this equipment primarily responsible for the increase in demand for electric energy from the sector in the ten-year period", states the excerpt.

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Higher standard of performance, lower costs on the bill

The preliminary results of the regulatory impact study performed by iCS and the Lawrence Berkeley National Lab were presented to the Management Committee of Energy Efficiency Indicators. They point to the fact that, if the minimum standards of performance are increased from the current 3.02 W/W, to about 5 W/W, from 2021, there would be a low financial impact on the end consumer. The largest investment would be paid back in less than one year with the acquisition of more efficient equipment, thanks to the positive effect in the reduction of the energy bills. From the national point of view, the total savings by 2035 would arrive at R$ 44 billion with the energy that would no longer be required, as well as a reduction in emissions corresponding to 96 MtCO2.


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TRANSPORT
#Quanto é? morar longe? [How much is it? Do you live far away?]

In January 2019, the Instituto Escolhas launched the platform #Quanto é? Morar Longe. In it, it is possible to identify the monetary and non-monetary costs associated with each area of ​​the Metropolitan Region of São Paulo (RMSP). The area includes 39 municipalities, 7,946 square kilometers and has 21.5 million inhabitants, according to estimates from the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE). It is the fourth largest urban agglomeration in the world. The Instituto Escolhas has made available online information about the price of land (R$/m2), the quality of education, the rates of violence with the probability of the occurrence of homicides, and the average travel time to work in relation to the selected RMSP address. Browse the platform.


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18 Brazilian states do not monitor air quality

The National Platform of Air Quality was the subject of an interview with André Ferreira, who is the director of the Institute for Energy and the Environment (IEMA) for TV Câmara São Paulo. During the conversation, Ferreira explained the operation of the system and the purpose of monitoring the air quality in the country, and also that about 18 states do not perform this monitoring. "Unfortunately, it needs to be recognized that this problem of public health is still a concern that is much more restricted to specialists and researchers than to society. There is still little awareness about this and, therefore, the government is somewhat constrained to resolve these problems", he explains. This, however, is not the only reason. Although the monitoring of the air is the duty of the states, the public budget is always hotly contested and subjects related to the environment are not given priority. However, for him, it is a matter of public health

"What we have noticed is that, in the last 10 years, we have stabilized at a much higher level than that recommended by the World Health Organization. It was worse, but we are still in a horrible stage of air pollution and there is much work to be done. The pollutants are mainly generated by industrial sources and by vehicles. The two priorities today are the particulate matter and the ozone. The effects are distinct. The first is mostly associated with cardiovascular and respiratory problems. However, ozone is an important oxidant, which causes premature aging". See the interview in full.


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Gender inequality in urban mobility

A little over a year ago, ITDP Brasil released the report "The Access of Women and Children to the City", with the intention of pointing out gender inequalities in urban mobility. In the document, indicators are formulated that can contribute to the planning, monitoring and evaluation of public policies of mobility and urban development from a gender perspective. Studies like this are of fundamental importance to expand and to balance the participation of women in society, by emphasizing their inherent rights. For this reason, it is so important to recollect and recommend the reading of the report, which can be accessed here.

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Event debates about planning, monitoring and mobility management

On February 21, 2019, ITDP Brasil will hold Café com MobiliDADOS, which is an event to exchange experiences in order to address challenges about the promotion of the planning, monitoring and management of urban mobility based on evidence. It is a private meeting and will bring together about 50 public managers from different Brazilian cities to debate the context of mobility based on the data available on the platform. There will be a live broadcast on the ITDP Brasil Facebook page.


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CLIMATE POLICY AND OUTREACH
What Design Can Do selects finalists for The Global Challenge

The platform “What Design Can Do” is promoting its second “The Global Challenge”, which invites creative designers and entrepreneurs to rethink the production, distribution and use of energy in the cities. Why cities? Because over 50% of the global population live in them and they are responsible for the emission of 70% of greenhouse gases and 70% of the energy consumption in the world. Five cities were chosen as a source of inspiration and proposals for the projects: São Paulo, Mexico City, Delhi, Nairobi and Amsterdam. Among the diversity of themes, clean and efficient energy in transport, waste management, best practices of civil construction, the food supply chain and public spaces.

In all, there are 57 finalist projects, with 10 for the city of São Paulo, created by Brazilians and foreigners. Among them, students and professionals who have developed solutions such as the bicycle that stores kinetic energy from the rotation of the pedals, an urban farm operation on roofs using hydroponic techniques for food production, interactive panels at bus stops to guarantee a better flow of traffic, and an application that maps and offers job vacancies in the peripheries, reducing the need to travel to the city center. The jury, composed of 18 people, includes Alice Amorim, the coordinator of the portfolio of Climate Policy and Engagement of iCS. Check out the summary of the finalist projects from São Paulo and all of the projects for the five cities.


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Alziras Institute and the mission in Germany

Seven Brazilian mayors went on a mission to Germany between November 18-24, 2018, for an exchange of experiences in the implementation of climate and environmental policies. There was a focus on the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, renewable energy, solid waste management, water supply, sewage treatment, and adaptation to climate change. The mission, which was supported by iCS and visited the cities of Berlin, Greifswald, Feldheim, Jühnde and Frankfurt, was planned to strengthen female political leadership and to qualify the debate about the development of municipal public policies based on the commitments made by Brazil in the Paris Agreement.

Below is a list of the mayors who took part in the mission:


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Next Sustainable Future Dialogues will discuss renewable energy

The Sustainable Future Dialogues platform is holding another event. This time it will be in the Northeast and is scheduled for April 10, 2019. The "Geopolitics of Renewable Energy" will be the subject debated, focusing on the investment in the diversification of the energy matrix as one of the most effective methods to address climate change, mainly in technologies that produce renewable energy. This production, moreover, promotes a new geopolitical conformation, by altering changing economic, social and political relationships between countries and regions. The international meeting will discuss the changes in the field of renewable energy production and the perspectives of autonomy and security for the subject, both in developed countries and those in development.


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Six climate and environmental questions for the presidency of Jair Bolsonaro

The speech by President Jair Bolsonaro during the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland, made headlines in newspapers worldwide in January. Ana Toni and Alice Amorim, the executive director and the coordinator of the portfolio of Climate Policy and Outreach, respectively, of the iCS, wrote an article for the Climate Home News site before the speech and highlighted six questions that needed responses in relation to measures that the Brazilian president will adopt from differents points of view. They included whether there is a plan for Brazil to become more resilient in the face of extreme weather, what the impact is on the economy of weak and poorly enforced environmental regulations, and whether he will choose to combat criminal activity in the Amazon, such as the invasion of public land, large-scale deforestation and the unlawful sale of land for illegal mining, among others? Read the article here.


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LOW CARBON ECONOMY
Meeting about Venture Philanthropy discusses new forms of investment and social impact

The Alliance for Investments and Impact Businesses welcomed the creator of the concept of Venture Philanthropy, Doug Miller, to a workshop. In Brazil, the Alliance (organized by Inovação em Cidadania Empresarial (ICE) [Innovation in Business Citizenship], which is a grantee of iCS) identifies, connects and supports entities and strategic subjects for the strengthening of the field of Social Finances and Impact Businesses in Brazil. One of the original products of the Alliance is Fundações e Institutos de Impacto FIIMP [Impact Foundations and Institutes], whose first edition raised R$ 737,000 for a fund that supported six impact businesses and provided a learning guide.

The second edition intends to continue extending the experience to other areas of the ecosystem of investments and impact businesses, as well as generating more awareness and adding greater security so that the foundations and institutes have an important role in the subject, by adding new strategies to their current operations. Among the new investment models being studied are Equity Crowdfunding and loans with subsidized interest rates. The objectives for the next stage are to mobilize a group of 20 to 30 foundations and to raise between R$ 1.2 and R$ 1.8 million.

"The International Venture Philanthropy Center is a center that seeks to encourage awareness and to engage new people in this type of philanthropy. It is closely related with the types of mechanisms and the new forms of investment that are being explored by FIIMP. The event on February 12, 2019, hosted by the Group of Institutes, Foundations and Enterprises (GIFE) was very important for this exchange of experience and to evaluate the creation of a Venture Philanthropy Center in Latin America, which already exists in other locations, such as Europe”, said Gustavo Pinheiro, the coordinator of the portfolio of Low Carbon Economy.


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COMMUNICATIONS
Workshop brings together NGOs to discuss and strengthen institutional communication

On January 17-18, 2019, representatives from ten organizations participated in the Strategic Communication Workshop for NGOs.  This was divided into three modules (strategic planning; offline communication activities, the world outside the networks; and digital communication). The workshop sought to encourage critical thinking about strategic communication, to expand the repertoire of the participants in the strategic use of communication tools, and to offer tips and best practices as an inspiration. One of the achieved results was the creation and strengthening of a network of exchange of experiences between the representatives from the participating entities. In relation to the major difficulties indicated for the implementation of the strategies, the lack of skilled manpower and budget deficits were highlighted. "The digital part was very important as a personal update. I really enjoyed being able to be somewhere sharing what I know and listening to the challenges of others. I think we need to support ourselves more as communicators. I have no criticisms, only praise", declared Leonardo Medeiros, the communication coordinator of Conectas Human Rights.


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NEW WEB SERIES
Calendário 2019

Último ministro do novo governo anunciado: o do meio ambiente

Último ministro do novo governo anunciado: o do meio ambiente

 

Helen Gurgel
The teacher and coordinator of the Laboratory of Geography, Environment and Health, at UNB, addresses the direct and indirect impacts of climate change on mental health. The researcher warns about a growing and often overlooked problem that can result in suicide and deep anxiety.

 

Fabio Evangelista
The representative from the Pan American Health Organization in Brazil (PAHO/WHO) explains how health is a key factor to leverage all the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG). For him, the health area offers the best arguments for strengthening the actions. Learn why!

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Calendário 2019
Último ministro do novo governo anunciado: o do meio ambiente Último ministro do novo governo anunciado: o do meio ambiente

 

Alfredo Sirkis
The emissions from maritime transport are responsible for 2.2% of global greenhouse gases. Furthermore, the executive secretary of the Brazilian Forum on Climate Change (FBMC) points out that Brazil faces the challenges of cabotage shipping. Check it out!


Lavínia Holanda
According to the executive director of Escopo Energia, we need to ask what are the possible mechanisms to help understand how the target of the International Maritime Organization (IMO) can be complied with by Brazil, when taking into account the peculiarities of foreign trade and maritime transport.

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This newsletter is one of many products of the Institute for Climate and Society, which is sent monthly to update you about the universe of climate change.If you would like to contribute to our content please check out our application. We would also appreciate your feedback and suggestions. Please write to comunicacao@climaesociedade.org