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Monitoring Mobility in Belo Horizonte and in Rio de Janeiro

Networks of organizations from civil society monitored public mobility policies in Belo Horizonte and in 21 cities of the state of Rio, pressing for incentives for low carbon mobility
Bike Anjo promote a workshop in Rio de Janeiro | Photo: Bike Anjo

CONTRIBUTIONS OF THE iCS AND ITS GRANTEES:

The Instituto de Políticas de Transporte e Desenvolvimento (ITDP), with the support of the iCS, provided technical consultancy for two years (2015-2016) to the local government of Belo Horizonte, both in the study of declivity and in the construction of a cycle path plan of the city. Active mobility was included in the agenda of the 2016 municipal elections, thanks to the action of organizations supported by the iCS, such as Nossa BH, Bike Anjo and BH em Ciclo, with the D1Passo campaign, held in partnership with the Tarifa Zero group. 

The Movimento Nossa BH also worked with the Observatório de Mobilidade Urbana in the monitoring of the implementation of active transport policies in the municipality and acted in conjunction with the ITDP in the analysis of the implementation process of the urban mobility legislation. 
The iCS supported the trip to Holland, in June 2017, of a representative from the capital of Minas Gerais to the Velo-city – an annual event that discusses, in different cities of the world, cycle path policy. 

The parameters created by the ITDP to monitor the urban mobility in Belo Horizonte and in the state of Rio de Janeiro were transferred to civil society organizations such as the Casa Fluminense which included urban mobility as one of the policies to be monitored in the state, and also included the topic in the maps of inequality of the capital.

Since 2015, the ITDP has developed indicators and monitoring so that the Federal Government can evaluate the effectiveness of the National Policy of Urban Mobility (PNMU).  
Civil society discusses the plan of urban mobility of Belo Horizonte (MG) | Photo: Mobcidades
Cyclist in Belo Horizonte (DF) | Photo: WRI Brasil

CONTEXT

Guaranteeing that public policies of urban mobility survive the political cycles and that long-term planning is implemented efficiently are key questions for society to progress towards low carbon mobility. Belo Horizonte has become an exemplary capital by providing continuity to the planning process of the active mobility policy begun in the previous administration. 

Now, in addition to advancing the implementation of measures that prioritize active transport, the challenge is in engaging civil society to appropriate the theme. It is necessary to monitor its long-term implementation, by means of data, metrics and indicators, using scientific evidence to regulate advocacy actions that place the climate question onto the preparation agendas of public policies.  

“Taking this vision from outside to inside a city such as BH is very important. I made several presentations internally at the local government level and then we had the seminar with the Velo-city. There were people from city planning and from the company that builds the cycle paths in the city. These are very important seeds that we are planting. I am very grateful for this possibility – I have inner knowledge of BHTrans, not only technical knowledge but also political knowledge. This is something that has political importance outside of Brazil. It will arrive here and we need to prepare for this”. 

Eveline Trevisan
Coordinator of Sustainability and Environment at BHTrans

Gifts during the launch event of Mobcidades in Belo Horizonte (MG) | Photo: Mobcidades

RESULTS

The pressure from civil society contributed so that, even during the electoral campaign, the then candidate and current mayor of Belo Horizonte assumed the commitment of implementing an active mobility policy in the municipality. When elected, he not only honored the document but also gave continuity to the preparation process of the plan. The 63 organizations that compose the Observatory of BH made the connection between the new administration and the policies already in implementation in the Mobility Plan, begun in the previous administration. 

In the state of Rio de Janeiro, the use of data, metrics and indicators to monitor urban mobility developed by the ITDP also allowed the more than 70 organizations that form the Casa Fluminense to pressurize local governments for mobility policies in 21 municipalities. 

Learn here about some of the important results to which iCS and its grantees made a significant contribution in 2017.